Vishnu Sahasranama

ಮಹಾಬುದ್ಧಿಃ ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯಃ ಮಹಾಶಕ್ತಿಃ ಮಹಾದ್ಯುತಿಃ

ಅನಿರ್ದೇಶ್ಯವಪುಃ ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್ ಅಮೇಯಾತ್ಮಾ ಮಹಾದ್ರಿಧೃಕ್ || ೧೯ ||

mahābuddhiḥ mahāvīryaḥ mahāśaktiḥ mahādyutiḥ

anirdeśyavapuḥ śrīmān ameyātmā mahādridhṛk || 19 ||


Buddhi (intellect) refers to knowledge. To create an object, one requires the powers of will, knowledge, and action. That omniscient being who has created this extraordinary universe is the supreme knower, the wisest among the wise. Such a great intellect belongs to the divine, the supremely intelligent Bhagavan.


Mahavirya means extraordinarily courageous and mighty. When creating the universe, numerous malevolent forces also come into existence. The immense power required for the creation of the entire cosmos is abundantly present in the form of Mahavirya, the embodiment of great valor.


The expression of strength within us is called valor or courage. When faced with obstructive and malevolent forces during the act of creation, the mighty power of the Supreme Being, exemplified by the Varaha avatar, demolishes and subdues them.


The light of all lights in the entire world is the Supreme Being. Behind all illuminations, standing as the embodiment of light, is the radiant and luminous form of the Supreme Being, the great effulgence.


The term "nirdeśa" means "the form through words that allows describing an object." However, it is impossible to fully describe the Supreme Being through words. The Supreme Being does not possess a perceivable form for us, but being omnipotent, can assume any desired form. When we attain self-realization, we can experience the blissful form of the Supreme Being, which transcends the limitations of our knowledge. The Supreme Being is indescribable, existing beyond the confines of our limited understanding.


Bhagavan is the embodiment of opulence. The term "Shri" signifies wealth, abundance, beauty, and splendor. Bhagavan is the personification of divine beauty. Krishna avatar exemplifies His divine beauty in motion. No one can resist the allure of Krishna's movements. As mentioned in the Bhagavatam, even the cows would stop grazing and stand still just to gaze at Him. Such is the form of the divine beauty in motion. He is Bhagavan, the opulent one.

Furthermore, Bhagavan is the master of five great treasures within us: eyes, ears, nose, mind, and breath. These invaluable treasures, referred to as "Shri," have been bestowed upon us by the compassionate Lord, the consort of Lakshmi, the supreme knower of all Vedic wisdom. He is Bhagavan, the glorious one.


Bhagavan cannot be measured by our limited standards. There is no one who can fully comprehend Him. He is smaller than the smallest and bigger than the biggest! Before the creation of the universe, after its dissolution, and at all times, Bhagavan exists as the immeasurable Self.


Mahadridhruk means the one who carries a great mountain. We see the instance of Bhagavan carrying a mountain in His Kurma Avatar and Krishna Avatar. In the context of the churning of the ocean, Bhagavan, as the great carrier of mountains, lifts and holds the Mandara Parvat (mountain) in His Kurma Avatar. Similarly, He lifts the Govardhan mountain on His little finger to protect the people from Indra's arrogance in His Krishna Avatar. Bhagavan is the Mahadridhruk, the bearer of the great mountain.

The story of Samudra Manthan (churning of the ocean) is also relevant to our lives. The Mandara Parvat represents the mind, and when the scriptures (symbolized as the ocean) are churned, Bhagavan holds the mind to prevent it from falling. In the process of scriptural study, the first poison that emerges is doubt or skepticism (Samshaya), followed by the wish-fulfilling celestial cow (Kamadhenu) representing wealth. Beyond the enticement of this wealth, when the process of scriptural study continues, the nectar of true knowledge (Tattvajnana) is attained. Lord Shiva, the conqueror of ego, liberates us from the poison of doubt. Bhagavan, the Mahadridhruk, holds our mind continuously and prevents it from wavering, allowing us to attain the nectar of true knowledge.

When Gau (Vedic knowledge) flourishes within us, Bhagavan lifts us and grants liberation from ego. This is the essence of Bhagavan's Govardhan Giri (mountain) episode.