ಪೀಟಿಕೆ

Prologue

ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ

śrī vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca

ಶ್ರುತ್ವಾ ಧರ್ಮಾನಶೇಷೇಣಪಾವನಾನಿಚಸರ್ವಶಃ|

śrutvā dharmānaśeṣeṇa pāvanāni ca sarvaśaḥ |

ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಃಶಾಂತನವಂಪುನರೇವಾಭ್ಯಭ್ಯಾಷತ||1 ||

yudhiṣṭhiraḥ śāṃtanavaṃ punarevābhyabhyāṣata || 1 ||

Vaishampayana was the traditional narrator of the Mahabharata, one of the two major Sanskrit epics of India. He was an ancient Indian sage who was the original teacher of the Krishna Yajur-Veda. The Ashvalayana Grihya Sutra mentions him as Mahabharatacharya. He is also mentioned in the Taittiriya Aranayaka and the Ashtadhyayi of Pāṇini. He was a pupil of Vyasa, from whom he learned the Jaya, the original 8,800 verses of the Mahabharata. He later expanded the Jaya to 24,000 verses under the name Bharata, which he recited to King Janamejaya at his sarpa satra (snake sacrifice). The Harivamsa is also said to have been recited by him.

Vaishampayana spoke: After asking and getting clarification about the virtues from all religions, Yugistra asked Bhishmacharya the following question.

ಶ್ರೀ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ಉವಾಚ

śrī yudhiṣṭhira uvāca

ಕಿಮೇಕಂ ದೈವತಂಲೋಕೇಕಿಂವಾಪ್ಯೇಕಂಪರಾಯಣಂ|

ಸ್ತುವಂತಃಕಂಕಮರ್ಚಂತಃಪ್ರಾಪ್ನುಯುರ್ಮಾನವಾಃಶುಭಮ್ ||2||

kimekaṃ daivataṃ loke kiṃ vāpyekaṃ parāyaṇaṃ |

stuvaṃtaḥ kaṃ kamarcaṃtaḥ prāpnuyurmānavāḥ śubham || 2 ||

ಕೋ ಧರ್ಮಃಸರ್ವಧರ್ಮಾಣಾಂಭವತಃಪರಮೋಮತಃ|

ಕಿಂಜಪನ್ಮುಚ್ಯತೇಜಂತುರ್ಜನ್ಮಸಂಸಾರಬಂಧನಾತ್||3 ||

ko dharmaḥ sarvadharmāṇāṃ bhavataḥ paramo mataḥ |

kiṃ japanmucyate jaṃturjanmasaṃsārabaṃdhanāt || 3 ||

Who does all religions extol as “The GOD”? who is the only one who protects his subjects? Who do we praise and sing to attain spiritual and materialist benefits?

Which do you think is the greatest religion and virtue among all religions and virtues? By meditating on what, human being is realized from the circle of death and life and attains salvation?

ಭೀಷ್ಮ: ಉವಾಚ

śrī bhīṣma uvāca

ಜಗತ್ಪ್ರಭುಂ ದೇವದೇವಮನಂತಂಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಮ್ |

ಸ್ತುವನ್ನಾಮಸಹಸ್ರೇಣಪುರುಷಃಸತತೋತ್ಥಿತಃ||4||

jagatprabhuṃ devadevamanaṃtaṃ puruṣottamam |

stuvannāmasahasreṇa puruṣaḥ satatotthitaḥ || 4 ||

ತಮೇವ ಚಾರ್ಚಯನ್ನಿತ್ಯಂಭಕ್ತ್ಯಾಪುರುಷಮವ್ಯಯಮ್|

ಧ್ಯಾಯನ್ಸ್ತುವನ್ನಮಸ್ಯಂಶ್ಚಯಜಮಾನಸ್ತಮೇವಚ||5||

tameva cārcayannityaṃ bhaktyā puruṣamavyayam |

dhyāyan stuvannamasyaṃśca yajamānastameva ca || 5 ||

ಅನಾದಿ ನಿಧನಂವಿಷ್ಣುಂಸರ್ವಲೋಕಮಹೇಶ್ವರಮ್|

ಲೋಕಾಧ್ಯಕ್ಷಂಸ್ತುವನ್ನಿತ್ಯಂಸರ್ವದುಃಖಾತಿಗೋಭವೇತ್||6||

anādi nidhanaṃ viṣṇuṃ sarvalokamaheśvaram |

lokādhyakṣaṃ stuvannityaṃ sarvaduḥkhātigo bhavet || 6 ||

ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಣ್ಯಂ ಸರ್ವಧರ್ಮಜ್ಞಂಲೋಕಾನಾಂಕೀರ್ತಿವರ್ಧನಮ್|

ಲೋಕನಾಥಂಮಹದ್ಭೂತಂಸರ್ವಭೂತಭವೋಧ್ಭವಮ್||7||

brahmaṇyaṃ sarvadharmajñaṃ lokānāṃ kīrtivardhanam |

lokanāthaṃ mahadbhūtaṃ sarvabhūtabhavodhbhavam || 7 ||

Without stumbling and with care the achiever should remember the owner of the Universe and who is the elder among all deities. One should always with devotion and with respect remember in mind and pray the one who is the protector and who does not diminish or neither who can be destroyed, omnipresent, the elderly, who knows all virtues, religion, and varna and the one external supreme.

ಏಷ ಮೇಸರ್ವಧರ್ಮಾಣಾಂಧರ್ಮೋಧಿಕತಮೋಮತಃ

ಯದ್ಭಕ್ತ್ಯಾಪುಂಡರೀಕಾಕ್ಷಂಸ್ತವೈರರ್ಚೇನ್ನರಃಸದಾ||8||

eṣa me sarvadharmāṇāṃ dharmodhikatamo mataḥ

yadbhaktyā puṃḍarīkākṣaṃ stavairarcennaraḥ sadā || 8 ||

Remembering GOD’s characteristics is the most important of all faith. Vishnusahasranama is the most famous among all hymns. Reciting the Hymn with sincerity and devotion, and with belief is important of all faith. Based on our belief and characteristics the results and benefits are also reflect the same. If we do not develop belief, it is useless. Worshipping without belief and meaning is useless. Reciting the hymns with respect and belief is the most important of all faith.

ಪರಮಂ ಯೋಮಹತ್ತೇಜಃಪರಮಂಯೋಮಹತ್ತಪಃ|

ಪರಮಂಯೋಮಹದ್ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಪರಮಂಯಃಪರಾಯಣಮ್||9||

paramaṃ yo mahattejaḥ paramaṃ yo mahattapaḥ |

paramaṃ yo mahadbrahma paramaṃ yaḥ parāyaṇam || 9 ||

GOD is the one who give energy to the brightest source of light. He is the ultimate for any thinking, and knowledge. Here GOD is described as ‘Parama Maha Brahma’. Here Brahma means living beings, ‘Para Brahma’ means, souls that have attained salvation. ‘Parama Brahma’ means Sree Tatva, Goddess Lakshmi who is always in the state of Salvation. ‘Parama Maha Brahma’ means Narayana. GOD Narayana is supreme authority (‘Parama’) to all superiors (‘Parayanaru’). Here superiors (‘Parayanaru’) means deities who control elements or aspects of reality that constitute human experience.

ಪವಿತ್ರಾಣಾಂ ಪವಿತ್ರಂಯೋಮಂಗಲಾನಾಂಚಮಂಗಲಮ್|

ದೈವತಂದೇವತಾನಾಂಚಭೂತಾನಾಂಯೋವ್ಯಯಃಪಿತಾ||10 ||

pavitrāṇāṃ pavitraṃ yo maṃgalānāṃ ca maṃgalam |

daivataṃ devatānāṃ ca bhūtānāṃ yovyayaḥ pitā || 10 ||

Pavitra means who that make one holy. If we want to be holy, we need to submit ourselves to the “The GOD”. He is sacred, mature, and supreme deity among all deities. He is the “One” Father to all souls.

ಯತಃ ಸರ್ವಾಣಿಭೂತಾನಿಭವಂತ್ಯಾದಿಯುಗಾಗಮೇ|

ಯಸ್ಮಿಂಶ್ಚಪ್ರಲಯಂಯಾಂತಿಪುನರೇವಯುಗಕ್ಷಯೇ||11||

yataḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni bhavaṃtyādiyugāgame |

yasmiṃśca pralayaṃ yāṃti punareva yugakṣaye || 11 ||

During creation of the universe all matter and souls (consisting of atoms and sub atoms) are created from “The GOD”. During deluge, the subatomic states reach “The GOD”. Every creation is done systematically and with calculation, noting is accidental.

ತಸ್ಯ ಲೋಕಪ್ರಧಾನಸ್ಯಜಗನ್ನಾಥಸ್ಯಭೂಪತೇ|

ವಿಷ್ಣೋರ್ನಾಮಸಹಸ್ರಂಮೇಶ್ರುಣುಪಾಪಭಯಾಪಹಮ್||12||

tasya lokapradhānasya jagannāthasya bhūpate |

viṣṇornāmasahasraṃ me śruṇu pāpabhayāpaham || 12 ||

God will expunge our fear of sin. He will coach those who are sinners. O Emperor, please remember the 1,000 names and characteristics mentioned in Vishnusahasranama.

ಯಾನಿ ನಾಮಾನಿಗೌಣಾನಿವಿಖ್ಯಾತಾನಿಮಹಾತ್ಮನಃ|

ಋಷಿಭಿಃಪರಿಗೀತಾನಿತಾನಿವಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಮಿಭೂತಯೇ||13||

yāni nāmāni gauṇāni vikhyātāni mahātmanaḥ |

ṛṣibhiḥ parigītāni tāni vakṣyāmi bhūtaye || 13 ||

Sages, seers, and great souls have constantly preached and meditated on the 1,000 names and characteristics mentioned in Vishnusahasranama. Saying so, Sri Bheesmacharya in the presence of Sree Krishna, started advising Vishnushasranama to Dharmaraja.

One can observe masculine-feminine-neutral genders in Vishnusahasranama. For the one who is complete, “The GOD”, does not have the defects found in any gender. In only GOD it is possible to see the integration of all these genders.

ವಕ್ರತುಂಡ ಮಹಾಕಾಯ ಕೋಟಿ ಸೂರ್ಯ ಸಮಪ್ರಭ

ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಮೇ ದೇವ ಸರ್ವ ಕಾರ್ಯೇಷು ಸರ್ವದ

ಶುಕ್ಲಾಂಬರದರಂ ವಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಶಶಿವರ್ಣಂ ಚತುರ್ಭುಜಂ

ಪ್ರಸನ್ನ ವದನಂ ಧ್ಯಾಯೇತ್ ಸರ್ವ ವಿಘ್ನೋಪ ಶಾಂತಯೇ

vakratuṃḍa mahākāya koṭisūrya samaprabha

nirvighnaṃ kuru me deva sarvakāryeṣu sarvadā |

śuklāṃbaradharaṃ viṣṇuṃ śaśivarṇaṃ caturbhujaṃ

prasannavadanaṃ dhyāyet sarva vighnopaśāṃtaye |

Let us first mediate on Lord Ganapathi, the remover of obstacles. Let us start with the name “Vishvam”, who is embodied in “Viswambara” form.

The one who control our three states Awake-Dream-Sleep is the GOD’s form “Vishva”.

Come, let Viswambara the remover of obstacles, give us state of mind to think and reflect on Vishnusahasranama. Though his 1,000 names let us think and reflect on his qualities.