Vishnu Sahasranama

ಸರ್ವಃ ಶರ್ವಃ ಶಿವಃ ಸ್ಥಾಣುರ್ಭೂತಾದಿರ್ನಿಧಿರವ್ಯಯಃ |

ಸಂಭವೋ ಭಾವನೋ ಭರ್ತಾ ಪ್ರಭವಃ ಪ್ರಭುರೀಶ್ವರಃ || ೪ ||

sarvaḥ śarvaḥ śivaḥ sthāṇu: bhūtādhi nidhiravyayaḥ |

saṃbhavo bhāvano bhartā prabhavaḥ prabhu Īśvara: || 4 ||


viśvaṃ and sarvaḥ have the same meaning. God is sarvaḥ meaning he is omnipotent, omniscient, complete with all qualities. sarvaḥ means he knows everything, he is present everywhere, he is present at all times, he is the reason for every cause, and perfect.


śarvaḥ means he is present in Shiva and will destroy the Universe. He will punish abusive and sinners.


Sha means happiness, Shiva means epitome of knowledge and auspicious.


Sthāṇu: usually gives the meaning that one that does not move. Since God is omniscient, he knows everything without moving and hence is Sthāṇu. Since he is Omnipresent, he can reach anywhere without moving and hence he is Sthāṇu. He is subatomic and pervades everything and hence he is Sthāṇu:. He is bigger than the sky and smaller than the atom, he looks like he is moving and stationary (it moves, and it moves not!).


Bhūtādhi means he is bigger than all the accomplished souls. One who is responsible for all living and non-living, movable and unmovable objects is known as Bhūtādhi. Not only this, he who sustains all the accomplished souls in him and nurtures them, and finally he is cause for destruction is known as Bhūtādhi. One who gives salvation to all accomplished souls is also know as Bhūtādhi.


Nidhi+avyayaḥ= Nidhiravyayaḥ. Nidhi means hidden treasure. The knowledge about God is itself the biggest and non-diminishing hidden treasure. The one who is present in the center of our heart is the hidden treasure. He is Avi, meaning protector. To safeguard and protect us, he who is present within and around us is the ultimate treasure and is Nidhiravyayaḥ.


Sambhavaḥ means one who descends to earth when his devotees call and need him. One who is responsible for the creation and who incarnates to protect his creation. One who gives upliftment and salvation is also known as Sambhavaḥ.


He is present in everyone and controls the emotions. Bhavaṁ+Nayati=Bhāvana, meaning one who gives is happiness if we do good deeds. Bhavaṁ+Apanayati= Bhāvana, meaning when we head in wrong ways, he gives us sorrows to correct us. Hence the one who is responsible for happiness and sorrows is Bhāvanaḥ.


Bhartā mans one who carries everything. The one who bears the universe and is the root cause.


One who is superior and pure knowledge and bliss is Prabhavaḥ. One who is above all and uplifts others is Prabhavaḥ.


God is Omnipotent and hence he is the lord to everyone.


Eshvaru means the divinities and forces that are embodied and governs us and the universe. E.g., Shani is the presiding deity for earth; Mercury is the presiding deity for water; Ganapathi is the presiding deity for sky; Sun is the presiding deity for eyes; Moon is the presiding deity for Ears; Varuna is the presiding deity for tongue; Agni is the presiding deity for voice; Indra is the presiding deity for hand; Yagna is the presiding deity for leg; Anirudda, Brahaspathi, Varuna, Mitra, Indra, Kama, Garuda, Sesha, Rudra, Vayu are all presiding deity for mind. Saraswathi is the presiding deity for diligence. Hence each deities have a portfolio. The deities (esharu) mentioned above regulate the 15 barriers. All these deities work in accordance with God’s wishes and who is prabhurīśvaraḥ.