Vishnu Sahasranama

ಸುರೇಶಃ ಶರಣಂ ಶರ್ಮ ವಿಶ್ವರೇತಾಃ ಪ್ರಜಾಭವಃ |

ಅಹಃ ಸಂವತ್ಸರೋ ವ್ಯಾಲಃ ಪ್ರತ್ಯಯ ಸ್ಸರ್ವದರ್ಶನಃ || ೧೦ ||

sureśaḥ śaraṇaṃ śarma viśvaretāḥ prajābhavaḥ |

ahaḥ saṃvatsaro vyālaḥ pratyaya ssarvadarśanaḥ || 10 ||

sureśaḥ (ಸುರೇಶಃ)

Suraru means Deities, God is the ruler of Deities and hence he is sureśaḥ (ಸುರೇಶಃ).

śaraṇaṃ (ಶರಣಂ)

Basically Sharanu originally means refuge. However by usage the original meaning was lost and is used as excessive. Based on original meaning, God is our refuge and we cannot be rufuge to God and he is the rufuge for all beings.

Śarma (ಶರ್ಮ)

Śarma means ultimate bliss. The ultimate knowledge and bliss God is Śarma.

viśvaretāḥ (ವಿಶ್ವರೇತಾಃ)

From a surface, since the Universe (multi verse) is created from God’s sperm it conveys the meaning God is viśvaretāḥ. Retan means ultimate bliss. viśvaretāḥ means the ultimate bliss for all living beings in the Universe (Multi Verse). Retassu (ರೆತಸ್ಸು) also means substantial. Hence the one who is substantial in the entire universe (multi verse) is viśvaretāḥ (ವಿಶ್ವರೇತಾಃ).

prajābhavaḥ (ಪ್ರಜಾಭವಃ)

Devotees who follow the path of righteousness and who seek true knowledge are know as prajā (ಪ್ರಜಾ). bhavaḥ (ಭವಃ) means one who bestows untimate bliss. Hence, the one who bestows ultimate bliss to the devotees who follow the path of righteousness and who seek true knowledge is know as prajābhavaḥ (ಪ್ರಜಾಭವಃ).

ahaḥ (ಅಹಃ)

From a peripheral ahaḥ (ಅಹಃ) means “me”. In every work we speak we use the word ‘I” or “me”. Let us understand the meaning of “I” or “Me”. Does “I” or “Me” mean my hand, my leg, my head, my heart body? NO! my breath? NO! my Soul? NO! Because who controls these? GOD! hence he is ahaḥ (ಅಹಃ). We have developed the arrogance that, any work done, we say “I did this, I did that”, but we do not realize and have forgotten that it is God who pervades in us and does the work, we are just instruments in the Gods hand.

ahaḥ (ಅಹಃ) also means light, meaning he pervades the Sun and gives light and heat to us. Hence who pervades our materialistic body in the form of heat and the Sun in the form of light and heat is ahaḥ (ಅಹಃ).

saṃvatsara (ಸಂವತ್ಸರ)

saṃvatsara means year in Sanskrit. In one saṃvatsara there are 360 days and 360 nights. 100 saṃvatsaras is the life span of a Human being (36,000 days and 36,000 nights). A Human body is comprised of 72,000 channels and 360 bones and as-of-today modern science have discovered around 270 bones in human infants, which fuse to become 206 to 213 bones in the human adult. Hence when one prepares yagna kunda or Havan Kunda (the center place in a Yagna or Havan in which the fire is put and all the oblations/offerings are made), we use 360 bricks. Our Body which is comprised of 360 bones is also a yagna kunda or Havan Kunda. The one who pervades and control all the 72,000 channels and body made of 360 bones is saṃvatsara (ಸಂವತ್ಸರ).

vyālaḥ (ವ್ಯಾಲಃ)

The lexicon meaning of vyālaḥ means: intoxicated elephant, hissing snake, or an wild animal waiting for an opportunity to kill its prey. Do not be misled and scared hearing these meanings. God is vi (ವಿ) + ā (ಆ) + laa (ಲಾ). Means he is the destroyer of all defects. During Big Crunch, or Rip, or Freeze everything will be absorbed in Him. From an outlook the end of the Universe looks like a violent event. However, even during this violent event, God will lovingly accept everything, and gives living beings or life a rest, and during creation he brings forth life. This amazing energy God is vyālaḥ (ವ್ಯಾಲಃ).

Pratyaya (ಪ್ರತ್ಯಯ)

Pratyaya (ಪ್ರತ್ಯಯ) means the embodiment of knowledge, one who knows everything and is present in everything (omniscient and omnipresent).

sarvadarśanaḥ (ಸರ್ವದರ್ಶನಃ)

God is the eye for the Universer (Multi Verse). Everthing is visible to his eyes. You cannot hide anything from him. Who is extolled in the Vedas and Sastras, the GOD is sarvadarśanaḥ (ಸರ್ವದರ್ಶನಃ)