Vibhishana Reveals Ravana’s Defense Plans


Rama, Sugreeva, Hanuman and others assemble to take counsel together, upon reaching the precincts [place] of Lanka. While they were deliberating on the ways and means for the success of their mission, Vibhishana informs that he has sent his counselors as spies to gather information about the enemy's plans and that they returned after gathering the required news about Ravana's arrangements at the four gates of the city. After hearing Vibhishana's information, Rama orders Nila, Angada Hanuman and others to storm the four gates and decides to stay on Suvela mountain with his army.

Chapter [Sarga] 37 in Detail

Meanwhile, Rama the king of men and Sugreeva the Sovereign of monkeys, Hanuman the son of the wind, Jambavan the king of the Bears, Vibhishana the demon, Angada the son of Vali, Lakshmana, Sushena along with his kinsfolk, Mainda, Dvivida, Gaja, Gavaaksha, Kumuda, Nala and Panasa, all having reached the enemy's territory, assembled to take counsel together.

"Observe this city of Lanka, ruled by Ravana, impregnable both to celestials and the demons together, or the Uragas (the serpent-demons) and Gandharvas (celestial musicians)."

"Ravana, the lord of demons always stays in the City. Think of the ways and means for the success of our expedition."

While they were talking thus, Vibhishana the younger brother of Ravana spoke the following meaningful and polished words:

"My counselors named Anala, Panasa, Sampaati and Pramathi went to the City of Lanka and returned here."

"Assuming the form of birds, all the four entered that enemy's citadel and observed the measures taken by Ravana closely."

"O, Rama! I give a detailed report as it was given to me of the defense-arrangements made by the evil-minded Ravana, hear me."

"The very strong Prahasta is standing near the eastern gate. Mahaparshva and Mahodara of mighty prowess are at the southern gate."

"Indrajit, the son of Ravana is at the western gate along with many demons armed with harpoons, swords, bows, spears and hammers together with warriors furnished with weapons of various kinds."

"A prey to great anxiety, Ravana knower of magical formulas, is himself stationed at the northern gate, along with several thousands of demons holding lances in their hand."

"As for Virupaksha he with mighty army carrying spears, clubs and bows along with other demons, occupies the center of the fort."

"All these counselors of mine watched those groups of troops arranged in Lanka in this manner and immediately returned here."

"The elephants and chariots number some ten thousand each, the cavalry twenty thousand and there are more than a crore foot soldiers. These strong and intrepid demons endeavoring to kill someone in battle have ever been their sovereign's favorites."

"O, Rama! In these demons, a retinue of ten lacs each is near at hand for each demon."

The mighty armed Vibhishana showed those counselors to Rama after reporting the aforesaid news pertaining to Lanka, thus informed by his counselors.

The counselors of Vibhishana themselves confirmed all that was known regarding Lanka. Thereafter, the illustrious Vibhishana, in his desire to please Rama, addressed that lotus-eyed one, further with the following words:

"O, Rama! When Ravana attacked Kubera in battle, sixty lacs of demons sallied forth with him. All of them were akin to the evil-minded Ravana in prowess, in strength, in courage and in pride."

"Indignation need not be resorted to (by you) based on this report. I am not terrifying you, but only arousing your wrath. You are indeed capable of overpowering even celestials by your valor."

"Having set out these monkey-forces in battle-array, you shall destryoy Ravana with this great army of monkeys, composed of four divisions, which surround you."

Vibhishana having spoken thus Rama gave the following orders for the attack of the adversaries.

"At the eastern gate of Lanka, Nila that lion among monkeys for his part, surrounded by many monkeys, should attack Prahasta."

"At the southern gate, Angada the son of Vali, surrounded by his mighty army, should oppose Mahaparshva and Mahodara."

"Let Hanuman that son of the Wind and of inscrutable spirit, surrounded by a multitude of monkeys, enter the City through the western gate."

I am myself determined to slay that wicked who owing to the boon he has received, enjoys oppressing multitudes of Daitya’s (giants) and Daanavaas (demons), as also the magnanimous sages and who ranges the world, presenting all being. With the aid of Lakshmana, I shall forcibly enter the northern gate where Ravana is stationed along with his army."

"Let the mighty Sugreeva the king of monkeys, the valiant Jambavan the king of bears and Vibhishana, the younger brother of the Lord of demons occupy the central position of the army."

"Monkeys should not assume human form in the battle, for, in the army of monkeys, this monkey-shape should serve as a sign of recognition among us."

"Among our own people also, the form of monkeys will become a sign of recognition for us. Seven of us will attack the foe in our human form, I, my brother Lakshmana, who is full of valor, my friend Vibhishana and his four companions."

Having said thus to Vibhishana for the success of the enterprise, Rama in the role of a wise leader, decided to stay on Mount Suvela, after observing its charming slopes.

Thereafter, having covered the entire filed with his great army and having made up his mind to destroy the enemies, that high-souled Rama of great courage, set out for Lanka with a joyous and exultant air.

Thus completes 37th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate