Lord Krishna advice to Arjuna who had collapsed inside the chariot starts in chapter 2. This chapter gives a bird’s eye view of the entire Gita and is the gist of Gita. Sage Vyasa has captured the entire intent of the Gita in a condensed form in this chapter. Expansion of this condensed version is what we can see in the rest of 16 chapters.
ತಂ ತಥಾ ಕೃಪಯಾSSವಿಷ್ಟಮಶ್ರುಪೂರ್ಣಾಕುಲೇಕ್ಷಣಮ್ ।
ವಿಷೀದಂತಮಿದಂ ವಾಕ್ಯಮುವಾಚ ಮಧುಸೂದನಃ ॥೧॥
saṃjaya uvāca |
taṃ tathā kṛpayāSSviṣṭamaśrupūrṇākulekṣaṇam |
viṣīdaṃtamidaṃ vākyamuvāca madhusūdanaḥ ||1||
Gist of the sloka:
Sanjaya said: seeing Arjuna with tears filled eyes and distressed, Lord Krishna [Madhusudhana] then spoke as follows.
Arjuna worried about the destruction caused by the war on the entire society was filled with great emotions. His eyes were filled with tears fearing the result of the war. He was wrapped in ignorance and had used every wit he knew of, to stop the war and subsequent destruction.
This state of Arjun was not normal and rather was temporary in nature clouding his intellect. Lord Krishna had to give a shock therapy to get Arjuna out of this mode. Which we see in the following verses.