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Chapter 40: Sugriva Jumps from Mount Suvela to Attack Ravana
Sugriva Jumps from Mount Suvela to Attack Ravana
Rama together with Sugreeva and others mount to the top of Suvela Mountain and see the city of Lanka. There, above a gate-way of the City, stands Ravana. Seeing Ravana, Sugreeva springs to the top of the gate where Ravana is bounces on him, pulls his thrown and throws it away on the ground. Thereafter, Ravana and Sugreeva carry on duel for a long time without any fatigue. They wrestle endlessly in different postures. Finally, after reducing Ravana to exhaustion, Sugreeva comes back and rejoins his monkey-troops.
Chapter [Sarga] 40 in Detail
tato raamah suvelaagram yojanadvayamandalam |
upaarohatsasugriivo hariyuuthaih samanvitah || 6-40-1
Then, Rama along with Sugreeva, together with the troop leaders of monkeys, ascended the top of Suvela Mountain which was having a circumference of sixteen miles.
sthitvaa muhuurtam tatraiva disho dasha vilokayan |
trikuutashikhare ramye nirmitaam vishvakarmanaa || 6-40-2
dadarsha lankaam sunyastaam ramyakaananashobhitaam |
Halting there just for a while and surveying the ten cardinal points, Rama saw the city of Lanka, which was beautifully constructed by Visvakarma, the divine architect on the top of Trikuta Mountain with nice arrangements and ravishing with enchanting groves.
tasyaam gopurashringastham raakshasendram duraasadam || 6-40-3
shvetachaamaraparyantam vijayachchatrashobhitam |
raktachandanasamliptam raktaabharanabhuusitam || 6-40-4
viilajiimuutasamkaasham hemasamchaaditaambaram |
airaavatavisaanaagrairutkristakinavakshasam || 6-40-5
shashalohitaraagena samviitam raktavaasasaa |
samdhyaatapena samchannam megharaashimivaambare || 6-40-6
There above a gateway, stood the invincible Ravana the lord of demons, who was being fanned with white whisks on both sides, was graced with a triumphal parasol, was smeared with red sandal paste, adorned with scarlet ornaments, attired in raiment embroidered in gold, resembling a dark cloud, who bore on his breast scars of wounds inflicted on him by Airavata (the elephant who carries Indra the Lord of celestials, on his back) with his tusks, wrapped in a cloak of red color resembling the color of hare's blood and looked like a mass of clouds in the sky enveloped with sunshine at sunset.
pashyataam vaanarendraanaam raaghavasyaapi pashyatah |
darshanaadraakshasendrasya sugriivah sahasotthitah || 6-40-7
On seeing Ravana, Sugreeva got up all at once, while Rama and the chiefs of the army of monkeys were looking on.
krodhavegena sam yuktah sattvena cha balena cha |
achalaagraadathotthaaya pupluve gopurasthale || 6-40-8
Gathering up his strength and courage, Sugreeva, in an impulse of fury, bounded from the summit of the mountain and then sprang to the top of the gate (where Ravana was).
sthitvaa muhuurtam samprekshya nirbhayenaantaraatmanaa |
triniikritya cha tadrakshah so.abraviitparusam vachah || 6-40-9
For a moment, he paused and then with a fearless soul, he saw that demon, whom he regarded as a mere straw and thereafter spoke the following words harshly:
lokanaathasya raamasya sakhaa daaso.asmi raakshasa |
na mayaa mokyase.dya tvam paarthivendrasya tejasaa || 6-40-10
"O, demon! I am a friend and a servant of Rama, the Lord of the world. You will not be spared by me today, by the inspiring grace of Rama."
ityuktvaa sahasotpatya plupluve tasya chopari |
aakrisya mukutam chitram paatayaamaasa tadbhuvi || 6-40-11
Thus speaking, Sugreeva jumped up all at once, bounced over on Ravana, pulled his brightly colored crown from his head and threw it away on the ground.
samiiksya tuurnamaayaantam babhaase tam nishaacharah |
sugriivastvam parokshe me hiinagriivo bhavisyasi || 6-40-12
Seeing Sugreeva about to rush upon him again, Ravana spoke as follows: "You were Sugreeva (one who has a handsome neck), when your were not present before my eyes. But now, you will now become Hinagriva bereft of your neck."
ityuktvotthaaya tam kshipram baahubhyaamaakshipattale |
kanduvatsa samutthaaya baahubhyaamaakshipaddharih || 6-40-13
Speaking thus, Ravana raised up and quickly flung Sugreeva to the ground with both his arms. Bouncing like a ball, Sugreeva flung back his adversary with his arms.
parasparam svedavidigdhagaatrau |
parasparam shonitaraktadehau |
parasparam shlistaniruddhachestau |
parasparam shaalmalikimshukaaviva || 6-40-14
mustiprahaaraishcha talaprahaarai |
raratnighaataishcha karaagraghaataih |
tau chakraturyuddhamasahyaruupam |
mahaabalau raakshasavaanarendrau || 6-40-15
Ravana and Sugreeva of great strength carried on a duel which was unbearable, with perspiration broke out on their limbs, with their bodies red with blood, each clung to other paralyzing his opponent's movements resembling silk-cotton and Kimshuka trees, followed by blows of fists, slaps of hands blows of elbows and blows of fingers on each other.
kritvaa niyuddham bhrishamugravegau |
kaalam chiram gopuravedimadhye |
utkshipya chotkshipya vinamya dehau |
paadakramaadgopuravedilagnau || 6-40-16
Having wrestled for a long time in the center of the flat floor of the gate way, each in turn repeatedly lifting their bodies and bending their feet in a particular way, the two highly swift combatants remained in that flat roof of the gate way.
anyonyamaapiidya vilagnadehau |
tau petutuh paalanikhaatamadhye |
utpetaturbhuumitalam sprishantau |
sthitvaa muhuurtam tvabhinihshvasantau || 6-40-17
Crushing one another and their bodies clung together, they both dropped down between the defensive walls and the moat. They would leap up again, seizing each other from the ground, after pausing an instant to regain their breath.
aalingya chaalingya cha baahuyoktraih |
samyojayaamaasaturaahave tau |
sucheratuh samprati yuddhamaarge || 6-40-18
With arms interlaced like with ropes joined together, they remained locked together in the struggle. Both of them, who had received training in wrestling and fully endowed with night, were now moving to and fro in the arena.
shaarduulasimhaviva jaatadamstrau |
gajendrapotaaviva samprayuktau |
samhatya samvedya cha tau karaabhyaam |
tau petuturvai yugapaddharaayaam || 6-40-19
The two heroes, who resembled a tiger and a lion having their tusks growing or two young lordly elephants encountering in a hostile manner, with arms interlaced and having duly tried their strength, fell on the ground together.
udyamya chaanyonyamadhikshipantau |
samchakramaate bahu yuddhamaarge |
klamam na tau jagmaturaashu viirau || 6-40-20
Thereafter rising, those two heroes hurled themselves on each other, circling around the arena again and again, like skilled and mighty wrestlers, nor were they easily fatigued.
chirena kaalena bhrisham prayuddhau |
samcheraturmandalamaargamaashu || 6-40-21
Like unto great tuskers with their enormous arms resembling the trunks, those two warriors were keeping back each other, fought vehemently for a long time and moved speedily in a circular arena.
tau paraspara maasaadya yattaavanyonyasuudane |
maarjaaraaviva bhakshaarthe.avatasthaate muhurmuhuh || 6-40-22
Approaching each other like tow wild cats fighting over a piece of meat trying to kill each other, they stood growling again and again.
mandalaani vichitraani sthaanaani vividhaani cha |
gomuutrakaani chitraani gatapratyaagataani cha || 6-40-23
tiirshiinagataanyeva tathaa vakragataani cha |
parimoksham prahaaraanaam varjanam paridhaavanam || 6-40-24
abhidravanamaaplaavamavasthaanam savigraham |
paraavrittamapaavrittamapadrutamavaplutam || 6-40-25
upanyastamapanyastam yuddhamaargavishaaradau |
tau vicheraturnyonyam vaanarendrashcha raavanah || 6-40-26
The two warriors, Sugreeva and Ravana, who were skilled in wrestling, executed innumerable and myriad evolutions, taking up diverse postures, moving in a curved line like an ox's urine, coming and going, stepping side ways, having a retrograde motion to avoid blows, turning about abandoning the attack, dashing towards each other, leaping, standing firm and erect, retreated, turned sideways, rushed in a bent posture, ran lifting their foot to kick the opponent and by letting go or stealing away.
etasminnantare raksho maayaabalamathaatmanah |
aarabdumupasam pede jjnaatvaa tam vaanaraadhipah || 6-40-27
utpapaata tadaakaasham jitakaashii jitaklamah |
raavanah sthita evaatra hariraajena vajnchitah || 6-40-28
Meanwhile, Ravana decided to common using his magic power. Knowing it, Sugreeva flew into the sky triumphantly shaking off all fatigue, while Ravana, baffled by Sugreeva stood confounded there alone.
atha harivaranaathah praaptasamgraamakiirti |
rnishicharapatimaajau yojayitvaa shramena |
gaganamativishaalam langhayitvaarkasuuma |
rhariganabalamadhye raamapaarshvam jagaam || 6-40-29
Thus, the Lord of the monkeys, acquiring fame as a warrior, reducing Ravana to exhaustion, ascended into the infinite sky and the offspring of the Sun then went to the side of Rama, who as in the middle of the monkey-troops.
sa iti savitrisuunustatra tatkarma kritvaa |
pavanagatiraniikam praavishatsamprahristah |
raghuvaranripasuunodvardhayan yuddhaharsam |
tarumrigaganamukhyaih puujyamaano hariindrah || 6-40-30
That Sugreeva, the offspring of the Sun, who was endowed with a speed of the wind, having accomplished that feat there, increasing the military zeal of the foremost of Raghu dynasty, honored by the monkey leaders and delighted, rejoined the army.
ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye yuddhakaande chatvaarimshah sargah
Thus completes 40th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate
K. M. K. Murthy. (2002). Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War.
Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.
Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.
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