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Chapter 14: Vibhishana Pleads with Ravana to Return Sita

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Vibhishana Pleads with Ravana to Return Sita

Summary

Vibhishana informs the assembly about the strength of the monkeys, and about the power of Rama’s arrow. He also informs that none on the demon’s side can withstand Rama, in battle. Prahasta replies that they have no fear at any time to face Rama in battle. Then, Vibhishana reiterates the enormous strength of the fatal arrows discharged by Rama and requests the assembly to save Ravana by giving back Sita to Rama.

Chapter [Sarga] 14 in Detail

nishaacarendrasya nishamya vaakyam |

sa kumbhakarnasya ca garjitaani |

vibhiisano raakshasaraajamukhya |

muvaaca vaakyam hitamrthayuktam || 6-14-1

Hearing the words of Ravana the king of demons and the growls of Kumbhakarna, Vibhishana spoke the following friendly and meaningful words to Ravana the foremost king of ogres:

vrito hi baahvantarabhogaraashi |

shchintaavisah susmitatiikshanadamstrah |

pajncaanguliipajncashiro.atikaayah |

siitaamahaahistava kena raajan || 6-14-2

 “By whom, O, king, has been wrapped around your neck, this great serpent of gigantic body called Sita, with heap of expended hoods as her bosom, having poison as her anxiety and with sharp fangs as her sweet smile and with five hoods as her five fingers.”

yaavanna lankaa samabhidravanti |

valiimukhaah parvatakuutamaatraah |

damstrayudhaashcaiva nakhaayudhaashca |

pradiiyataam daasharathaaya maithilii || 6-14-3

 “Even before the monkeys with their body size as mountain peaks, having their teeth and nails as weapons, rush full upon the city of Lanka, give back Sita to Rama.”

yaavanna grihnanti shiraamsi baanaa |

raameritaa raakshasapungavaanaam |

vajropamaa vaayusamaanavegaah |

pradiiyataam daasharathaaya maithilii || 6-14-4

 “Even before arrows resembling thunder bolts and with a speed equal to wind, dispatched by Rama, take away the heads of chiefs of demons, and give back Sita to Rama.”

na kumbhakarnendrajitau ca raajam |

stathaa mahaapaarshvamahodarau vaa |

nikumbhakumbhau ca tathaatikaayah |

sthaatum samarthaa yudhi raaghavasya || 6-14-5

 “O, king! Either Kumbhakarna or Indrajit and either Mahaparshva or Mahodara and either Nikumbha or Kumbha or even Atikaya cannot withstand Rama in battle.”

jiivamstu raamasya na moksyase tvam |

guptah savitraapyathavaa marudbhih |

na vaasavasyaankagato na mrityo |

rnabho na paataalamanupravistah || 6-14-6

 “Even if you are protected by the sun god, or by Maruts (storm gods) nor even seated in the lap of Indra or god of Death nor if you have penetrated into the regions of heaven or under the earth you will not be spared by the arrows of Rama.”

nishamya vaakyam tu vibhiisanasya |

tatah prahasto vacanam babhaase |

na no bhayam vidma na daivatebhyo |

na daanavebhyo.apyathavaa kadaacit || 6-14-7

Hearing the words of Vibhishana, Prahasta spoke as follows: “We do not know of fear at all. We do not have fear of either celestials or demons at any time.”

na yakshagandharvamahoragebhyo |

bhayam na samkhye patagoragebhyah |

katham nu raamaadbhavitaa bhayam no |

narendraputraatsamare kadaacit || 6-14-8

 “We do not have fear from Yakshas (half- gods) or Gandharvas (celestial musicians) or eminent Nagas (serpent demons) or from birds and reptiles on the field of battle. When such is the case, how can we have fear from Rama, the son of a human king at any time in battle?”

prahastavaakyam tvahitam nishamya |

vibhiisano raajahitaanukaanikshii |

tato mahaartham vacanam babhaase |

dharmaarthakaamesu nivistabuddhih || 6-14-9

Vibhishana who desired the welfare of the king and who possessed a stable mind in virtue wealth and pleasure, after hearing the inimical words of Prahasta, spoke highly meaningful words as follows:

prahasta raajaa ca mahodarashca |

tvam kumbhakarnashca yathaarthajaatam |

braviita raamam prati tanna shakyam |

yathaa gatih svargamadharmabuddheh || 6-14-10

 “O, Prahasta! The series of actions king or Mahodara as also yourself and Kumbhakarna propose to take against Rama are impossible of being accomplished, any more than going to heaven by wicked minded persons.”

vadhastu raamasya mayaa tvayaa ca |

prahasta sarvairapi raakshasairvaa |

katham bhavedarthavishaaradasya |

mahaarnavam tartu mivaaplavasya || 6-14-11

 “How is it possible by me or by you or by all the demons to kill Rama, who is expert in all matters, any more than a person without a bark to cross a great ocean.”

dharmapradhaanasya mahaarathasya |

iksvaakuvamshaprabhavasya raajjnah |

puro.asya devaashca tathaavidhasya |

krityesu shaktasya bhavanti muudhaah || 6-14-12

 “Even the celestials would feel bewildered when placed in front of the king Rama who gives priority to righteousness, is a great car warrior, was born in the dynasty of Ikshvaku and is capable of accomplishing his objects.”

tiikshanaa na taavattava kankapatraa |

duraapadaa raaghavavipramuktaah |

bhittvaashariiram pravishanti baanaah |

prahasta tenaiva vikatthase tvam || 6-14-13

 “O, Prahasta! The sharp arrows discharged by Rama, which are furnished with heron’s feathers and are dangerous to be approached, have not yet penetrated, duly piercing, your body. That is why; you indulge in a boastful talk.”

bhittvaa na taavatpravishanti kaayam |

praanaantakaaste.ashanitulyvegaah |

shitaah sharaa raaghavavipramuktaah |

prahasta tenaiva vikatthase tvam || 6-14-14

 “The sharp and fatal arrows, discharged by Rama with the speed of a thunderbolt, have not yet penetrated, duly splitting your body. That is why; you are indulged in a boastful talk.”

na raavano naaibalastriishiirso |

na kumbhakarnasya suto nikubhah |

na cendrajiddaasharathim prasodhum |

tvam vaa rane shakrasamam samarthah || 6-14-15

 “Ravana or Triseersha, with great strength or Nikumbha the son of Kumbhakarna or Indrajit or you are not capable to withstand Rama, who is equal in strength to Indra, in battle.”

devaantako vaapi naraantako vaa |

tathaatikaayo.atiratho mahaatmaa |

akampananashcaadrisamaanasaarah |

sthaatum na shaktaa yudhi raaghavasya || 6-14-16

 “Even Devantaka or Narantaka or Atikaya or Atiratha of gigantic proportions or Akampana who is mighty as an ocean are not capable to withstand against Rama in battle.”

ayam ca raajaa nyasanaabhibhuuto |

mitrairamitrapratimairbhavadbhih |

anvaasyate raakshasanaashanaarthe |

tiikshanah prakrityaa hyasamiikshyakaarii || 6-14-17

 “This king, who is overcome by evil addictions, is rude in nature and acts inconsiderately. Such a king is being surrounded as a caucus by you who are his companions taking the form of his enemies for the ultimate destruction of demons.”

anantabhogena sahasramuurdhnaa |

vaagena bhiimena mahaabalena |

balaatparikshiptamimam bhavanto |

raajaanamutkshipya vimocayantu || 6-14-18

 “You lift up and release this king, who has been wrapped forcibly by a terrific and exceedingly strong snake of boundless proportions having thousand hoods and make him completely free.”

yaavaddhi keshagrahanaatsuhridbhih |

sametya sarvaih paripuurnakaamaih |

nigrihya raajaa parirakshitavyo |

bhuutairyathaa bhiimabalairgrihiiah || 6-14-19

 “All the well-wishers who are getting their desires fulfilled by the king, should come together and protect the king by coercion [force] even by pulling his hair if necessary as one who is taken possession of by evil spirits with terrific strength, is protected by one’s kith and kin.”

suvaarinaa raaghavasaagarena |

pracchaadyamaanastarasaa bhavadbhih |

pracchaadyamaanastarasaa bhavadbhih |

yuktastvayam taarayitum sametya |

kaakutthsapaataalamukhe patansah || 6-14-20

 “This Ravana, for his part who is going to be enveloped forcibly by an ocean in the shape of Rama – which is full of excellent water (who possesses excellent moral character) and who is about to fall into the mouth of Patala (the nethermost subterranean region) in the shape of Rama, is fit to be rescued united by you.”

idam purasyaasya saraakshasasya |

raajjnashcha pathyam sasuhrijjanasya |

samyagghi vaakyam svamatam braviimi |

narendraputraaya dadaatu maithiliim || 6-14-21

 “I am telling these right and wholesome words, as per my opinion, to this city and the demons inhabiting in it as well as to the king and his well wishers: Let Sita be given back to Rama.”

parasya viiryam svabalam ca buddhvaa |

sthaanam kshayam caiva tathaiva vriddhim |

tathaa svapakshe pyanumrishya buddhyaa |

vadt kshamam svaamihitam sa mantrii || 6-14-22

 “A counselor is he, who after knowing the strength of the enemies and that of his own (master) and even so duly grasping with his intellect, the status quo, fall, or rise in military power like-wise on both sides, renders advice which is appropriate to the interest of his king.”

ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye yuddhakaande caturdashah sargah

Thus completes 14th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

References

K. M. K. Murthy. (2002). Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War.

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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