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Chapter 19: Ravana Approaches Sita to Woe Her
Ravana Approaches Sita to Woe Her
In this chapter Valmiki describes the plight of Seetha in Ashoka garden in detail.
Chapter [Sarga] 19 in Detail
tasminneva tatah kaale raajaputrii tvaninditaa |
ruupayauvanasampannam bhuusanottamabhuusitam || 5-19-1
tato dristvaiva vaidehii raavanam raakshasaadhipam |
praavepata varaarohaa pravaate kadalii yathaa || 5-9-2
Thereafter at that time Seetha a princess without any blame of excellent limbs shook like a plantain tree in wind on seeing Ravana the king of rakshasas endowed with beauty and youth adorned with excellent ornaments.
aacchhaadyodaramuurubhyaam baahubhyaam ca payodharau |
upavistaa vishaalaaksii rudantii varavarninii || 5-19-3
The wide eyed Seetha with excellent color covering stomach with thighs and breasts with hands sat down crying.
dashagriivastu vaidehiim raksitaam raakshasiiganaih |
dadarsha diinaam duhkhaartaam naavam sannaamivaarnave || 5-19-4
Ravana saw Seetha protected by batches of ogres looking miserable being struck with grief like a ship in danger in the sea.
asamvritaayaamaasiinaam dharanyaam samshitavrataam |
chinaam prapatitaam bhuumau shaakhaamiva vanaspateh || 5-19-5
Hanuma saw Seetha sitting down on uncovered land, with a firm resolve, like a branch of a tree fallen down on earth being torn from the tree.
malamandanacitraangiim mandanaarhaamamanditaam |
mrinaalii pankadigdheva vibhaati na vibhaati ca || 5-19-6
Hanuma saw Seetha with a strange body with dirt as ornament, who although suited to decorate with ornaments was without ornaments. Although she was shining like a lotus stem covered with mud, she was not shining also.
samiipam raajasimhasya raamasya viditaatmanah |
sankalpahayasamyuktairyaantiimiva manorathaih || 5-19-7
Seetha was as though going near to Rama a lion among kings with a famous personality with desires as chariot tied with thoughts as horses.
shusyantiim rudatiimekaam dhyaanashokaparaayanaam |
duhkhasyaantamapashyantiim raamaam raamamanuvrataam || 5-19-8
Seetha a pleasant one, was emaciated, was crying, being alone having surrendered to Her thoughts and sorrow not seeing the end of grief, following the will of Rama.
chestamaanaam tathaavistaam pannagendravadhuumiva |
dhuupyamaanaam graheneva rohiniim dhuumaketunaa || 5-19-9
And also Seetha was like a great she-serpent writhing under the spell of an incantation. She was like Rohini being fumigated by a smoke colored planet called Ketu.
vrittashiilakule jaataamaacaaravati dhaarmike |
punah samskaaramaapannaam jaataamiva ca duskule || 5-19-10
Being born in a virtuous traditional family with good conduct and character and getting married, Seetha appeared as if she was born in a bad family.
abhuutenaapavaadena kiirtiim nipatitaamiva |
amnaayaanaamayogena vidyaam prashithilaamiva || 5-19-11
Seetha was like fame fallen down due to false blame. She was like education ruined due to lack of learning by heart.
sannaamiva mahaakiirtim shraddhaamiva vimaanitaam |
prajjnaamiva pariksiinaamaashaam pratihataamiva || 5-19-12
Seetha was like deteriorated great fame, like insulted faith, like an understanding grown feeble, like dulled hope.
aayatiimiva vidhvastaamaajjnaam pratihataamiva |
diiptaamiva disham kaale puujaamapahritaamiva || 5-19-13
Seetha was like an expectation destroyed, like an order flouted; like a blazing quarter during a period of destruction, like a worship stolen.
padminiimiva vidhvastaam hatashuuraam camuumiva |
prabhaamiva tamodhvastaamupaksiinaamivaapagaam || 5-19-14
Seetha was like a lotus destroyed, like an army with killed warriors, like light destroyed by darkness, like vanished river.
vediimiva paraamristaam shaantaamagnishikhaamiva |
paurnamaasiimiva nishaam raahugrastendumandalaam || 5-19-15
Seetha was like an altar desecrated, like a tongue of fire gone out, like a full moon night with moon devoured by Rahu.
utkristaparnakamalaam vitraasitavihangamaam |
hastihastaparaamristamaakulaam padminiimiva || 5-19-16
Seetha was like a lotus pond agitated [disturbed] with torn out leaves and lotuses, being roughly treated by the trunk of an elephant.
patishokaaturaam shuskaam nadiim visraavitaamiva |
parayaa mrijayaa hiinaam krisnapakshanishaamiva || 5-19-17
Grieved for husband, Seetha was like a river which has dried up with water caused to flow out lacking best washing, was like a new moon night.
sukumaariim sujaataangiim ratna garbhagrihochitaam |
tapyamaanaamivosnena mrinaaliimachiroddhritaam || 5-19-18
Seetha was a delicate one with well built limbs, accustomed to houses full of diamonds, being tormented by heat, like a lotus fiber uprooted short time back.
grihiitaamaalitaam stambhe yuuthapena vinaakritaam |
nihshvasantiim suduhkhaartaam gajaraajavadhuumiva || 5-19-19
Seetha was like a she-elephant captured and tied to a pillar, made to be without the leader of herd, sighing, very much tormented by grief.
ekayaa diirghayaa venyaa shobhamaanaamayatnatah |
niilayaa niiradaapaaye vanaraajyaa mahiimiva || 5-19-20
With a long single plait, shining without effort, Seetha was like the earth with dark groups of trees at the end of rainy season.
upavaasena shokena dhyaanena ca bhayena cha |
pariksiinaam krishaam diinaamalpaahaaraam tapodhanaam || 5-19-21
Wasted, emaciated due to fasting, due to sorrow, due to thought and due to fear, Seetha was with limited food and with austerity as wealth.
aayaacamaanaam duhkhaartaam praajnjalim devataamiva |
bhaavena raghumukhyasya dashagriivaparaabhavam || 5-19-22
Seetha was like a celestial being, tormented by grief and by thought with joined palms, desiring the defeat of Ravana at the hands of Sri Rama
samiiksamaanaam rudatiimaninditaam |
anuvrataam raamamatiiva maithiliim |
pralobhayaamaasa vadhaaya raavanah || 5-19-23
Ravana was trying to allure and threatening death to Seetha who was looking at every direction, crying, without blame, with good eye lids and reddish and white eyes, with an excessive vow to follow Sri Rama.
ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye sundarakaande ekonavimshah sargah
Thus completes 19th Chapter of Sundara Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate
Durga, Kishore Kopalle, and K. M. K. Murthy. (2001). Sundara Kanda - Book Of Beauty.
Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.
Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.
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