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Chapter 50: The Monkeys Meet the Ascetic Woman Svayamprabha

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The Monkeys Meet the Ascetic Woman Svayamprabha

Summary

Monkeys enter Riksha cavity, an unsightly and gloomy one, during their search in southern direction. While groping in that dark they loose time set by Sugreeva. Finally, they see luminosity and extraordinarily built mansions, woodlands, trees and lakes. Thereupon they catch sight of an elderly sainted lady and they all approach her asking after the legend of that cavity.

Chapter [Sarga] 50 in Detail

saha taaraa a.ngadaabhyaam tu sa.ngamya hanumaan kapih |

vicinoti ca vindhyasya guhaah ca gahanaani ca || 4-50-1

Associated with Angada, Lt. Tara and others, the monkey Hanuma searched the caves and thick forests of Vindhya Range. [4-50-1]

simha shaarduula justaah ca guhaah ca paritah tathaa |

visamesu naga indrasya mahaa prasravanesu ca || 4-50-2

Hanuma has searched in the caves of that kingly Mt. Vindhya, which are jammed in with lions and tigers, and even at the towering rapids. [4-50-2, 3a]

aaseduh tasya shailasya kotim dakshina paschimaam |

tesaam tatra eva vasataam sa kaalo vyatyavartata || 4-5-3

They reached the southwest peak of that mountain during their search and the time set by Sugreeva swiftly lapsed while they are overstaying thereat that Mt. Vindhya alone.

sa hi desho duranvesyo guhaa gahanavaan mahaan |

tatra vaayu sutah sarvam vicinoti sma parvatam || 4-50-4

Though that extensive province is indeed an unsearchable one with its impenetrable caves and forests, yet Hanuma, the son of Air-god, searched everywhere on that mountain. [4-50-3b, 4]

parasparena rahitaa anyonyasya aviduuratah |

gajo gavaakso gavayah sharabho gandhamaadanah || 4-50-5

maindah ca dvividah caiva hanumaan jaa.mbavaan api |

a.ngado yuva raajah ca taarah ca vanagocarah || 4-50-6

giri jaala aavritaan deshaan maargitvaa daksinaam disham |

vicinvantah tatah tatra dadrishuh vivritam bilam || 4-50-7

durgam riksha bilam naama daanavena abhirakshitam |

Without pressing one another closely, yet not distancing from one another largely, Gaja, Gavaaksha, Gavaya, Sharabha, Gandhamaadana, also thus Mainda, Dvivida, and Hanuma, and even Jambavanta, crown prince Angada, also the forest-mover Lt. Tara have searched that province in southern direction that is encompassed with interlocked mountains, and during their search there they have observed a wide-opened and impassable cavity known as Riksha cavity which is well guarded by a demon called Maya. [4-50-5, 6, 7, 8a]

ksut pipaasaa pariitaah tu shraantaah tu salila arthinah || 4-50-8

avakiirnam lataa vriksaih dadrishuh te mahaa bilam |

Thirst and hunger invading them they are fatigued and craving for water, and such as they are they beheld that capacious cavity which is enwrapped in climbers and trees. [4-50-8, 9a]

tatra krauncaah ca ha.msaah ca saarasaah ca api niskraman || 4-50-9

jala aardraah cakravaakaah ca rakta a.ngaah padma renubhih |

There they have seen the swans and the waterfowls like Kraunca, Saarasa, and even Chakrawaka waterfowls exiting from the cavity with their bodies drenched in water and reddened with the dapples of lotuses' pollen. [4-50-9b, 10a]

tatah tat bilam aasaadya sugandhi duratikramam || 4-50-10

vismaya vyagra manaso babhuuvuh vaanararsabhaah |

When those best Vanara-s have neared that fragrant and impermeable cavity they are disheartened with amazement. [4-50-10b, 11a]

sanjaata parisha.nkaah te tat bilam plavaga uttamaah || 4-50-11

abhyapadyanta sa.mhristaah tejovanto mahaabalaah |

Though a suspicion in general is evoked in them, as they presumed that cavity to be Naraka, The Hell of Yama, or Paataala, the Netherworld of Emperor Bali, those highly resplendent and great mighty fly-jumpers have neared it, rejoicing for the availability of water in there. [4-50-11b, 12a]

naanaa sattva samaakiirnaam daitya indra nilaya upamam || 4-50-12

durdarsham iva ghoram ca durvigaahyam ca sarvashah |

That hideous cavity is dispersed with diverse beings, similar to the residence of the emperor of demons, namely Emperor Bali, in Paataala, the Netherworld, and it is unsightly and impermeable from anywhere. [4-50-12b, 13a]

tatah parvata kuuta aabho hanumaan maaruta aatmajah || 4-50-13

abraviit vaanaraan ghoraan kaantaara vana kovidah |

The son of Air-god Hanuma whose glossiness is like that of a mountaintop and who is a mastermind in scrutinizing every inscrutable forest, then spoke to all of the formidable Vanara-s. [4-50-13b, 14a]

giri jaala aavritaan deshaan maargitvaa daksinaam disham || 4-50-14

vayam sarve parishraa.ntaa na ca pashyaama maithiliim |

"We all have searched the southern quarter including those places that are enmeshed with meshes of mountains, and we are overly fatigued, but Maithili is unnoticed. [4-50-14b, 15a]

asmaat ca api bilaat ha.msaah krauncaah ca saha saarasaih || 4-50-15

jala aardraah cakravaakaah ca nispatanti sma sarvashah |

nuunam salilavaan atra kuupo vaa yadi vaa hradah || 4-50-16

tathaa ca ime bila dvaare snigdhaah tisthanti paadapaah |

"Swans along with waterfowls like Saarasa, Kraunca, and water drenched Chakrawaka birds are coming out of this cavity from all over, and even the trees available at its doorway are verdant. Certainly there must be a wellspring, or otherwise a pond with water." Thus Hanuma spoke to all monkeys. [4-50-15b, 16, 17a]

iti uktaah tat bilam sarve vivishuh timira aavritam || 4-50-17

acandra suuryam harayo dadrishuu roma harsanam |

When Hanuma spoke to them thus as a kind of assurance, all those monkeys entered the cavity and found it as a sunless or moonless cavity, enfolded in hair-raising darkness. [4-50-17b, 18a]

nishamya tasmaat si.mhaah ca taan taan ca mriga pakshinah || 4-50-18

pravistaa hari shaarduulaa bilam timira aavritam |

Those tigerly monkeys have also seen lions and various other animals and birds exiting therefrom, and entered that cavity which is enshrouded in obscurity. [4-50-18b, 19a]

na tesaam sajjate dristih na tejah na paraakramah || 4-50-19

vaayoh iva gatih tesaam dristih tam api var.htate |

Despite of the gloominess of that cavity, unobstructed is their eyesight, or their vigour or their valorousness, and their permeation is like that of the gust of air as their eyesight is actuated even in darkness. [4-50-19, 20a]

te pravistaah tu vegena tat bilam kapi ku.njaraah || 4-50-20

prakaasham ca abhiraamam ca dadrishuh desham uttamam |

But on their going further into that cavity speedily, those elephantine monkeys beheld a best place that is luminous, as well as lovely. [4-50-20b, 21a]

tatah tasmin bile bhiime naanaa paadapa sa.nkule || 4-50-21

anyonyam sa.mparisvajya jagmur yojanam a.ntaram |

In that awful cave that is compacted with various trees, then they advanced further an interstice of yojana distance, hand in hand lest one may miss the other. [4-50-21b, 22a]

te nasta sa.njnaah trisitaah sa.mbhraa.ntaah salila arthinah || 4-50-22

paripetur bile tasmin ka.ncit kaalam atandritaah |

Though they are craving for water, highly perplexed, and lost track of their destination or any waterway, and yet hopeful of their mission they unwearyingly hopped in that cavity for a good while. [4-50-22b, 23a]

te krishaa diina vadanaah parishraantaah plava.ngamaah || 4-50-23

aalokam dadrishuh viiraa niraashaa jiivite yadaa |

Those fly-jumpers are presently enervated and overly tired, and sad faced, and when those brave ones are despaired of their life, just then they perceived a luminescence. [4-50-25b, 24a]

tatah tam desham aagamya saumyaah vitimiram vanam || 4-50-24

dadrishuh kaancanaan vriksaan diipta vaishvaanara prabhaan |

saalaan taalaan tamaalaan ca punnaagaan va.njulaan dhavaan || 4-50-25

ca.mpakaan naaga vriksaan ca karnikaaraan ca puspitaan |

stabakaih kaa.ncanaih citraih raktaih kisalayaih tathaa || 4-50-26

aapiidaih ca lataabhih ca hema aabharana bhuusitaih |

taruna aaditya sa.nkaashaan vaiduuryamaya vedikaan || 4-50-27

vibhraajamaanaan vapusaa paadapaan ca hiranmayaan |

niila vaiduurya varnaah ca padminiih patagaih aavritaah || 4-50-28

mahadbhih kaa.ncanaih vriksaih vritaa baala arka sa.nnibhaih |

Those amenable monkeys on arriving at that province then beheld a shadow-less woodland with golden trees which in irradiance is like the irradiated Ritual-fire. They beheld Saala, Tala [Palmyra,] Tamala trees and some flowered trees like Punnaaga, Vanjula, Dhava, Champaka, Naaga, also Karnikara trees. The bunches of their flowers are golden and amazing, leaflets are reddish, and like that the climbers enwreathing at their tops are like their towering diadems and since those trees have golden fruits, they look as though decorated with golden jewelry. Those golden-bodied tress are shining forth like tender sun and their pedestals are completely studded with lapis gems. The birds encircling those trees are in the hue of lapis lazuli gems. The lotus lakes are encompassed with golden lotuses with broad petals, which in shine are similar to tender sun. [4-50-24b, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29a]

jaataruupamayaih matsyaih mahadbhih ca atha pankajaih || 4-50-29

naliniih tatra dadrishuh prasanna salila aayutaah |

Then they beheld there the lotus-lakes containing serene waters and stocky lotuses and burly fishes that are golden. [4-50-29b, 30a]

kaa.ncanaani vimaanaani raajataani tathaa eva ca || 4-50-30

tapaniiya gavaaksaani muktaa jaala aavritaani ca |

haima raajata bhaumaani vaiduurya manimanti ca || 4-50-31

dadrishuh tatra harayo griha mukhyaani sarvashah |

There the monkeys beheld choicest mansions everywhere made out of gold and silver, some with golden and some with silver domes, while some with golden and some with silver multi-stories, but all are studded with lapis gems with golden windows covered with laceworks of pearls. [4-50-30b-32a]

puspitaan phalino vriksaan pravaala mani sa.nnibhaan || 4-50-32

kaa.ncana bhramaraan caiva madhuuni ca samantatah |

They have also seen everywhere flowered and fruited trees that are similar in shine to red corals and rubies, and golden honeybees, as well as honeys. [4-50-32b, 33a]

mani kaa.ncana citraani shayanaani aasanaani ca || 4-50-33

vividhaani vishaalaani dadrishuh te samantatah |

hema rajata kaa.nsyaanaam bhaajanaanaam ca raashayah || 4-50-34

They beheld everywhere diverse and capacious beds and seats that are amazingly crafted with gemstones and gold, and also stacks of utensils made of gold, silver and bell metal. [4-50-33b, 34]

aguruunaam ca divyaanaam ca.ndanaanaam ca sa.ncayam |

shuciini abhyavahaaraani muulaani ca phalaani ca || 4-50-35

They saw the stockpiles of heavenly aloe vera [the fleshy leaves of which yield a juice used as an emollient ingredient of skin lotions and for treating burns] substances and sandalwood sticks and depurated [to make or become free from impurities] eatables, tubers and fruits. [4-50-35]

mahaa ar.hhaani ca paanaani madhuuni rasavanti ca |

divyaanaam ambaraanaam ca mahaa arhaanaam ca sa.ncayaan || 4-50-36

ka.mbalaanaam ca citraanaam ajinaanaam ca sa.ncayaan |

They have also seen top-grade soft drinks, luscious honeys, heaps of finest quality clothing, exotic blankets and sheaves of deerskins. [4-50-36, 37a]

tatra tatra vinyastaan diiptaan vaishvaanara prabhaan || 4-50-37

dadrishuh vaanaraah shubhraan jaataruupasya sancayaan |

Vanara-s have also observed mounds of undefiled gold stockpiled here and there glowing with the glow of ritual fire. [4-50-37b, 38a]

tatra tatra vicinvanto bile tatra mahaa prabhaah || 4-50-38

dadrishuh vaanaraah shuuraah striyam kaa.mcit aduuratah |

When searching here and there in that cavity those valiant Vanara-s of high resplendence have perceived some lady rather not far from them. [4-50-38b, 39a]

taam ca te dadrishuh tatra ciira krisna ajina ambaraam || 4-50-39

taapasiim niyata aahaaraam jvala.ntiim iva tejasaa |

They saw a sainted lady there who is attired in jute-cloths and who is on a controlled diet and who is like a luminiferous [yielding light] entity by her own luminescence of asceticism. [4-50-38b, 39a]

vismitaa harayah tatra vyavatistanta sarvashah |

prapaccha hanumaan tatra kaa asi tvam kasya vaa bilam || 4-50-40

In wonderment the monkeys stood still all over, and in the matter of her identity Hanuma asked her, "Who are you? Whose cavity is this, either? [4-50-40b, 40c]

tato hanuumaan giri sannikaashah

krita a.njalih taam abhivaadya vriddhaam |

papraccha kaa tvam bhavanam bilam ca

ratnaani ca imaani vadasva kasya || 4-50-41

Then Hanuma whose shine is similar to that of a mountain making palm-fold and reverencing that aged lady asked, "Who are you? Whose is this cavity, or the mansion or these jewels? Please speak." [4-50-41]

iti vaalmiiki raamaayane aadi kaavye kiskindha kaande pa.ncaashah sargah

Thus, this is the 50th chapter in Kishkindha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

 

References

 

Desiraju Hanumanta Rao. (2000). Kishkindha Kanda - The Empire of Holy Monkeys.

 

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

 

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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