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Chapter 57: Trishanku’s Desire for Bodily Ascension to Heaven

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Trishanku’s Desire for Bodily Ascension to Heaven

 

Summary

The legend of Trishanku is narrated to Rama, which forms a part of Vishvamitra's legend. When Brahma blesses Vishvamitra to be a kingly-saint, rather than a Brahman-saint, Vishvamitra continues his asceticism in southerly parts of country. In the meantime, one king named Trishanku desired to go to heaven with mortal body and approaches Vashishta who rejects that very suggestion. Then that king approaches the sons of the same Vashishta with the same idea.

Chapter [Sarga] 57 – in Detail

tatah sa.ntapta hridayah smaran nigraham aatmanah |

vinihshvasya vinihshvasya krita vairo mahaatmanaa || 1-57-1

sa daksinaam disham gatvaa mahisyaa saha raaghava |

tataapa paramam ghoram vishvaamitro mahaatapaah || 1-57-2

phala muula ashano daantaih cacaara mahat tapah |

Oh, Raghava, on making that great-souled Vashishta an enemy, whenever Vishvamitra reminisced [to indulge in a remembered experience] over his subdual by Vashishta, he is seethed [boil] at heart and heaved sighs repeatedly. Then on going to southern quarter with his prime queen, that great-ascetic Vishvamitra self-collectedly conducted a highly astounding [amazing] asceticism subsisting only on fruits and tubers. Thus Sage Shataananda continued his narration of Vishvamitra's legend. [1-57-1, 2, 3a]

atha asya jajnire putraah satya dharma paraayanaah || 1-57-3

havispando madhusyando dridhanetro mahaarathah |

Then Vishvamitra begot [got] sons named Havispanda, Madhuspnada, Dhridhanetra and Mahaaratha, who conduct themselves in candor [unstained purity] and chivalry [gallant or distinguished gentlemen]. [1-57-3]

puurne varsa sahasre tu brahmaa loka pitaamahah || 1-57-4

abraviit madhuram vaakyam vishvaamitram tapo dhanam |

jitaa raajarsi lokaah te tapasaa kushika aatmaja || 1-57-5

At the close of one thousand years of asceticism Brahma, the Grandparent of all worlds, revealed Himself to Vishvamitra and spoke these words mellowly [pleasantly] to ascetically wealthy Vishvamitra, 'oh, son of Kushika, Vishvamitra, you have won the worlds of kingly-sages by your asceticism. [1-57-4b, 5]

anena tapasaa tvaam hi raaja risir iti vidmahe |

evam uktvaa mahaatejaa jagaama saha daivataih || 1-57-6

trivistapam brahma lokam lokaanaam parama iishvarah |

 We indeed acquiesce [accept] you as a kingly-sage by your asceticism.' saying so that great resplendent Brahma, the Supreme Ruler of the Worlds, went away to his Abode of Brahma, while the Gods in Brahma's convoy went to Indra's Heaven. [1-57-6, 7a]

vishvaamitro api tat shrutvaa hriyaa ki.ncit avaanmukhah || 1-57-7

duhkhena mahataa aavistah sa manyuh idam abraviit |

On hearing that Vishvamitra is down-faced with disgrace, and while high anguish prevailed over him, he rancorously [bitterly] soliloquized [talk to oneself] this. [1-57-7b, 8a]

tapah ca sumahat taptam raaja risir iti maam viduh || 1-57-8

devaah sa risi ganaah sarve na asti manye tapah phalam |

Even though I have practiced a very high asceticism, the Gods together with the observances of hermits are recognizing me just as a 'kingly-sage.' Thereby I deem that there is no fruition to my asceticism.' Thus Vishvamitra thought. [8b, 9a]

evam nishcitya manasaa bhuuya eva mahaatapaah || 1-57-9

tapah cacaara kaakutstha paramam parama aatmavaan |

Oh, Rama of Kakutstha, deciding in this way in his heart of hearts that self-willed Vishvamitra again undertook a supreme asceticism as he is a great-ascetic. [1-57-9]

etasmin eva kaale tu satya vaadii jita indriyah || 1-57-10

trisha.nkuh iti vikhyaata iksvaaku kula vardhanah |

In this meantime there is a veracious [truthful or honest] king named Trishanku, an enhancer of Ikshvaku dynasty, and one renowned for his self-conquest. [1-57-10b, 11a]

tasya buddhih samutpannaa yajeyam iti raaghava || 1-57-11

gaccheyam sva shariirena devaanaam paramaam gatim |

vasistham sa samaahuuya kathayaamaasa cintitam || 1-57-12

Oh, Raghava, an idea sprang up in the mind of Trishanku to perform a ritual by which he will go to heaven with his own body. Then he sincerely invited Vashishta and told him what his thinking is. [1-57-11b, 12]

ashakyam iti ca api ukto vasisthena mahaatmanaa |

pratyaakhyaato vasisthena sa yayau daksinaam disham || 1-57-13

tatah tat karma siddhi artham putraan tasya gato nripah |

But the great-souled Vashishta said it as impossible. Thus repudiated [declined] Trishanku went to southerly direction in search of orchestrators for the purpose of realizing that task, such a phantasmal [fancy] ritual that enables him to go to heaven with his body, and that king has gone to the sons of Vashishta. [1-57-13, 14a]

vaasisthaa diirgha tapasah tapo yatra hi tepire || 1-57-14

trisha.nkuh sumahaatejaah shatam parama bhaasvaram |

vasistha putraan dadrishe tapyamaanaan yashasvinah || 1-57-15

Trishanku has indeed gone to the place where the sons of Vashishta are protractedly [leisurely] expiating [resting], and there he visited the hundred noble-souled sons of Vashishta, who are supremely self-luminescent and superbly self-refulgent by their asceticism. [1-57-14b, 15]

so abhigamya mahaatmaanah sarvaan eva guroh sutaan |

abhivaadya aanupuurvyena hriyaa ki.mcit avaanmukhah || 1-57-16

abraviit sa mahaatmanah sarvaan eva kritaa.njalih |

On reaching nigh [near] of those noble-souled sons of the indoctrinator, namely Vashishta, Trishanku reverenced all of them sequentially according to their age, but with a little down- faced owing to abashment [embarrassment], and spoke to all of those great-souled ones making palm-fold in supplication. [1-57-16]

sharanam vah prapadye aham sharanyaan sharanaagatah || 1-57-17

pratyaakhyaato asmi bhadram vo vasisthena mahaatmanaa |

I have come as a shelter-seeker seeking the shelter of yours as you are the shelter-er of the needy, you all be safe, as the great-souled Vashishta has repudiated me. [1-57-17b, 18a]

yastu kaamo mahaayajnam tat anujnaatum arthatha || 1-57-18

guru putraan aham sarvaan namas kritya prasaadaye |

I am longing to perform an unusual ritual and it will be apt of you to give assent to it. Reverencing all of the sons of my mentor Vashishta I am proposing this to you. [1-57-18b, 19]

shirasaa pranato yaace braahmanaan tapasi sthitaan || 1-57-19

te maam bhavantah siddhi artham yaajaya.ntu samaahitaah |

sa shariiro yathaa aham vai deva lokam avaapnuyaam || 1-57-20

With reverence I truckle [submit] before you all Brahmans who are abiding in asceticism. Such as you are I beg you to assiduously [marked by careful unremitting attention] get a ritual performed through me, as to how I can get to heaven with my body. [1-57-19b, 20]

pratyaakhyaato vasisthena gatim anyaam tapo dhanaah |

guru putraan rite sarvaan na aham pashyaami kaa.mcana || 1-57-21

Oh, ascetically wealthy Brahmans, as I am repudiated [declined] by Vashishta, I do not perceive another recourse [a source of help or strength] excepting you, who are all the sons of mentor Vashishta. [1-57-21]

iksvaakuunaam hi sarvesaam purodhaah paramaa gatih |

tasmaat ana.ntaram sarve bhavanto daivatam mama || 1-57-22

The Priest is the ultimate recourse for all of the kings in Ikshvaku dynasty, isn't it? Therefore, next to Vashishta you are all the next-best Gods to me.' Thus Trishanku entreated the hundred sons of Sage Vashishta. Sage Shataananda thus continued narration. [1-57-22]

iti vaalmiiki raamaayane aadi kaavye baala kaande sapta pa.ncaashah sargah

Thus, this is the 57th chapter in Bala Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

References

Desiraju Hanumanta Rao. (1998). Balakanda - Book Of Youthful Majesties.

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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