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Chapter 54: Vishvamitra Forcibly Takes the Desire Cow

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Vishvamitra Forcibly Takes the Desire Cow

 

Summary

The seizure of Kaamadhenu, the Sacred Cow, causes anxiety in her and she urges Vashishta to counteract the atrocity [cruel act] of Vishvamitra. Agreeing to her, the sage asks the Cow to create a force that can subdue the forces of Vishvamitra. Accordingly, that Cow generates newer forces and a war ensues [follows].

Chapter [Sarga] 54 – in Detail

kaamadhenum vasistho api yadaa na tyajate munih |

tadaa asya shabalaam raama vishvaamitro anvakarsata || 1-54-1

When Sage Vashishta did not yield Kaamadhenu, the milk-er of any desire, oh, Rama, then Vishvamitra started to seize it. Sage Shataananda continued the narration of the legend of Vishvamitra. [1-54-1]

niiyamaanaa tu shabalaa raama raajnaa mahaatmanaa |

duhkhitaa cintayaamaasa ruda.ntii shoka karshitaa || 1-54-2

While the determined king Vishvamitra dragged her away from Vashishta, oh, Rama, Shabala is saddened and tearfully mulled [reduced] over stung by the anguish of her secession [separation] from the sage. [1-54-2]

parityaktaa vasisthena kim aham sumahaatmanaa |

yaa aham raaja bhritaih diinaa hriyeyam bhrisha duhkhitaa || 1-54-3

A pitiable and highly anguished one, such as I am. I am being dragged away by the servants of the king. Has this great souled Sage Vashishta abandoned me, or what? [1-54-3]

kim mayaa apakritam tasya maharseh bhaavita aatmanah |

yan maam anaagasam bhaktaam istaam tyajati dhaarmikah || 1-54-4

Or, did I do any misdeed towards that great sage of sacred soul whereby he is leaving me off. I have always been reverent and a cherished cow to that pietist [affectation of devotion] and am I no errant [behaving wrong]. That cow eulogized [to speak in high praise of] in this manner. [1-54-4]

iti sancintayitvaa tu nihshvasya ca punah punah |

jagaama vegena tadaa vasistham parama ojasam || 1-54-5

nirdhuuya taam tadaa bhrityaan shatashah shatrusuudana |

jagaama anila vegena paada muulam mahaatmanah || 1-54-6

On thinking thus and suspiring [to draw a long deep breath] repeatedly, oh, enemy-subjugator, Rama, then she that Sacred Cow hastily rushed with the speed a gust and went to that highly energetic Vashishta on utterly shoving off hundreds of attendants of the king who are roping her, and then she straight went to the base of the feet of the great-souled Vashishta. [1-54-5, 6]

shabalaa saa rudantii ca kroshantii ca idam abraviit |

vasisthasya agratah sthitvaa megha nihsvanaa || 1-54-7

She that moaning and groaning Shabala staying before the Sage Vashishta spoke this bellowing [to shout in a deep voice] like a thunderous cloud. [1-54-7]

bhagavan kim parityaktaa tvayaa aham brahmanah suta |

yasmaat raaja bhataa maam hi nayante tvat sakaashatah || 1-54-8

Oh, Son of Brahma, why I am discarded by you, whereby oh, God, the king's attendants are weaning [detaching] me away from your proximity.' So Shabala urged Vashishta. [1-54-8]

evam uktah tu brahmarsir idam vacanam abraviit |

shoka sa.ntapta hridayaam sva saaram iva duhkhitaam || 1-54-9

When he is spoken thus, then that Brahma-sage spoke this sentence to worrisome Shabala, whose heart is worrying with worry, as he would speak with his own sister in her worriment. [1-54-9]

na tvaam tyajaami shabale na api me apakritam tvayaa |

esa tvaam nayate raajaa balaat mat.htah mahaabalah || 1-54-10

Neither I forswear [reject or renounce] you nor you fouled [dishonor or discredit] me, oh, Shabala, this king is forcibly weaning [detaching] you away from me as he is beside himself with kingly arrogance. [1-54-10]

na hi tulyam balam mahyam raajaa tu adya vishesatah |

balii raajaa ksatriyah ca prithivyaah patih eva ca || 1-54-11

My ability is not balanceable with his, isn't it. Above all, on his part he is a king now, and a king will be mighty, he is the lord of the land and a Kshatriya, and thus we have to be subservient [subordinate] to a Kshatriya, isn't it. [1-54-11]

iyam aksauhinii puurnaa gaja vaaji ratha aakulaa |

hasti dhvaja samaakiirnaa tena asau balavattarah || 1-54-12

This akshauhini [an ancient battle formation that consisted of 21,870 chariots (Sanskrit ratha); 21,870 elephants; 65,610 horse-mounted warriors and 109,350 infantry, as per the Mahabharata (Adi Parva 2.15-23). (ratio - 1 chariot : 1 elephant : 3 horse-mounted warriors : 5 infantry soldiers) It should be noted that in each of these large number groups (65,610, etc.)] unit of army is plethoric [full], overcrowded with elephants, horses, and chariots, and overspread with flags and elephants; thereby he is mightier than me.' Thus Vashishta tried to pacify that Sacred-Cow. [1-54-12]

evam uktaa vasisthena pratyuvaaca viniitavat |

vacanam vacanajnaa saa brahmarsim atula prabham || 1-54-13

She who is spoken that way by Vashishta, that sententious Sacred Cow, Shabala, in her turn obediently spoke this sentence to that Brahma-sage of un-balanceable resplendence [brilliant]. [1-54-13]

na balam ksatriyasya aahuh braahmano balavattarah |

brahman brahma balam divyam ksatraat tu balavattaram || 1-54-14

Oh, Brahman, unstated is that the might of sovereignty as mightier than the might of sagacity [shrewdness]. A sage is mightier than a sovereign. A sage's might is mightiest than the mightier sovereign, for a sage's might is angelic [a person like an angel]. So Shabala started talking to the sage. [1-54-14]

aprameya balam tubhyam na tvayaa balavattarah |

vishvaamitro mahaaviiryah tejah tava duraasadam || 1-54-15

Immutable is your power as you are mightier than great-mighty Vishvamitra and invincible is your dynamism. [1-54-15]

niyunksva maam mahaatejah tvat brahma bala sa.mbhritaam |

tasya darpam balam yat.hnam naashayaami duraatmanah || 1-54-16

Ordain me [issue an order to me], oh, highly resplendent [brilliant] sage, who am replete [full] with the power of your sagacity, and I will disprove the vanity, valor, and venture of that injudicious king for this injudicious seizure.' Thus Shabala implored the sage Vashishta. [1-54-16]

iti uktah tu tayaa raama vasisthah sumahaayashaah |

srijasva iti tadaa uvaaca balam para bala ardanam || 1-54-17

Oh, Rama, when spoken by her thus, that highly glorious Vashishta said to Shabala, the do-all cow, 'create a power that can overpower the power of opponent.' Vashishta said so to Shabala. [1-54-17]

tasya tat vacanam shrutvaa surabhih saa asrijat tadaa |

tasyaa hu.mbhaa rava ut.hsristaah pahlavaah shatasho nripa || 1-54-18

naashayanti balam sarvam vishvaamitrasya pashyatah |

On hearing his sentence, oh, Rama, that Sacred Cow Shabala then created Pahlava kings, sprang forth from her mooing 'hums', and hundreds of them annihilated [destroyed] the army of Vishvamitra in its entirety just while Vishvamitra is witnessing it. [1-54-18, 19a]

sa raajaa parama kruddhah krodha visphaarita iiksanah || 1-54-19

pahlavaan naashayaamaasa shastraih uccaavacaih api |

King Vishvamitra was utterly infuriated and with wide-eyed anger he started to destroy those Pahlava-s with many a kind of his weaponry. [1-54-19b, 20a]

vishvaamitra arditaan dristvaa pahlavaan shatashah tadaa || 1-54-20

bhuuya eva asrijat ghoraan shakaan yavana mishritaan |

On seeing the sub-dual of hundreds of Pahlava-s by Vishvamitra, then the Sacred Cow again generated deadly Shaka-s hobnobbed [along with] with Yavana-s through her mooing 'hums'. [1-54-20b, 21a]

taih aasiit sa.mvritaa bhuumih shakaih yavana mishritaih || 1-54-21

prabhaavadbhirmahaaviiryairhemaki.njalkasannibhaih |- yadvaa –

prabhaavadbhih mahaaviiryaih hema ki.njalka sa.mnibhaih |

Then the earth was pervaded with the Shaka-s associated with Yavana-s, who have effectuation [effect] and bravery in overcoming their enemy forces, and who are golden in bodily color similar to the golden pistils of flowers which complexion is outlandish [strikingly out of the ordinary].  [1-54- 21b, 22a]

diirghaasipattishadharairhemavarnaambaraaavritaih || - yadvaa –

diirgha asi pattisha dharaih hema varna a.mbara aavritaih || 1-54-22

nir.hdagdham tat balam sarvam pradiiptaih iva paavakaih |

Yavana-s and Shaka-s, who are wielding bowie knives and broad lances and who are clad in golden colored dresses, and who looked like glowing fires have completely burnt down entire force of Vishvamitra. [1-54-22, 23a]

tato astraani mahaatejaa vishvaamitro mumoca ha |

taih taih yavana kaambhojaa barbaraah ca akulii kritaah || 1-54-23

Then that great-resplendent Vishvamitra indeed released his missiles, by which Yavana-s, Kaambhoja-s, and the Barbara-s, are rendered helter-skelter [confused]. Thus Sage Shataananda continued his narration of Vishvamitra. [1-54-23b, c.]

iti vaalmiiki raamaayane aadi kaavye baala kaande catuh pa.ncaashah sargah

Thus, this is the 54th chapter in Bala Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

References

Desiraju Hanumanta Rao. (1998). Balakanda - Book Of Youthful Majesties.

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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