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Chapter 3: Valmiki Summarizes the Ramayana

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Valmiki Summarizes the Ramayana

 

Summary

The scheming [high-level overview] of the composition of epic Ramayana is described here. Whole of the epic is rendered in its quintessence [representation], as to how Sage Valmiki scheduled the narration of important milestones of the epic.

Valmiki Summarizes the Ramayana

Chapter [Sarga] 3 in Deyail

shrutvaa vastu samagram tat dharma ardha sahitam hitam |

vyaktam anveshhate bhuuyo yadvrittam tasya dhiimatah || 1-3-1

On hearing the essence of Ramayana from Sage Narada, which is abound with probity [adherence to the highest principles and ideals] and prosperity, and a propitious one too, that virtue-souled Valmiki started searching for further known details in the legend of that dexterous [skillful] Rama. [1-3-1]

upasprisya udakam samyak munih sthitvaa kritaanjalih |

praachiina agreshhu darbheshhu dharmena anveshhate gatim || 1-3-2

Valmiki sitting on a sacred grass mat, whose apices [the uppermost point or vertex] are towards east, touched waters, and made his palms adjoined in reverence, and then by his yogic insight started to search comprehensively [broadly], for the narrative course of Ramayana. [1-3-2]

raama lakshmana siitaabhih raajnaa dasharathena cha |

sa bhaaryena sa raashhtrena yat praaptam tatra tattvatah || 1-3-3

hasitam bhaashhitam cha eva gatiryaayat cha cheshhtitam |

tat sarvam dharma viiryena yathaavat sa.mprapashyati || 1-3-4

Of Rama, Lakshmana and Seetha, also of King Dasharatha and his wives, and what bechanced [befell] on Rama when he was in kingdom Ayodhya; Valmiki veritably [being in fact] discerned [distinguished] all that. Their smiles, their conversations, their deeds and the succession of events as well, all of them the sage saw wholly and clearly by the yogic power conferred by Brahma...] [1-3-3-4]

strii tritiiyena cha tathaa yat praaptam charataa vane |

satyasandhena raamena tatsarvam cha anvavekshata || 1-3-5

Then, that which bechanced [befell] on truth-abiding Rama, while he is trekking in forests, with a lady being the third partner, where Lakshmana is the lone male aide [a person who acts as an assistant], Valmiki visualized all that. [1-3-5]

tatah pashyati dharmaatmaa tat sarvam yogamaasthitah |

puraa yat tatra ni.rvrittam paanaava aamalakam yathaa || 1-3-6

Then that virtue-souled sage saw what all that has happened earlier, by his yogic exaltation [power], as though it is a citric fruit in his own palm. [1-3-6]

tat sarvam taattvato drishtvaa dharmena sa mahaamatih

abhiraamasya raamasya tat sarvam kartum udyatah || 1-3-7

kaamaartha guna sa.nyuktam dharmaartha guna vistaram |

samudram iva ratnaadhyam sarva shruti manoharam || 1-3-8

Discerning all of Ramayana in its actuality by his yogic prowess [extraordinary ability] that highly intellectual Valmiki pioneered to author all of the legend of Rama, for Rama is a delighter of all in all worlds, and whose legend is abounding with the real functional qualities of earthly pleasures and prosperities, and which clearly elaborates the meaning of probity [adherence to the highest principles and ideals] and its operative qualities, and thus this legend is like an ocean replete [full] with such gems called thoughts, and an ear-pleasing legend, as well. [1-3-7-7-8]

sa yathaa kathitam puurvam naaradena mahaatmanaa |

raghu va.nshasya charitam chakaara bhagavaan munih || 1-3-9

That godly saint Valmiki composed the legend of Rama, the legatee [one to whom a legacy is bequeathed] of Raghu, exactly as the divine-soul Narada narrated it earlier. [1-3-9]

janma raamasya sumahad viiryam sarvaanukuulataam |

lokasya priyataam kshaantim saumyataam satya shiilataam || 1-3-10

The birth of Rama as an incarnation of Vishnu, his very great valor, his gracefulness to all, his universal cordiality [sincere affection and kindness], perseverance [steadfastness], courteousness, and his truthful conduct, Valmiki described them all. [1-3-10]

naanaa chitra kathaah cha anyaah vishvaamitra sahaayena |

jaanakyaah cha vivaaham cha dhanusah cha vibhedanam ||1-3-11

Narrated are very many other amusing stories, Rama's breaking the great bow; his marriage with Janaki after with the help of Sage Visvamitra... [1-3-11]

raama raama vivaadam cha gunaan daasharatheh tathaa |

tatha.abhishhekam raamasya kaikeyyaa dushhta bhaavataam ||1-3-12

Dispute of Rama and Parashurama; the merits of Rama, the son of Dasharatha; and the preparations for anointing [to choose by] of Rama as crown prince; Queen Kaikeyi's vicious [having the nature or quality of vice or immorality] intentions... [1-3-12]

vighaatam cha abhishhekasya raaghavasya vivaasanam |

raajnah shokam vilaapam cha para lokasya cha aashrayam || 1-3-13

Disruption in royal unction [coronation] of Raghava; his exile to forests; King Dasharatha's grief and bewailing, and thus his departing to other worlds... [1-3-13]

prakritiinaam vishhaadam cha prakritiinaam visarjanam |

nishhaada adhipa sa.nvaadam suutopaavartanam tathaa || 1-3-14

The grief of the subjects; Rama leaving them off; his conversing with tribal chief Guha; returning the charioteer Sumantra to kingdom from forests, leaving the trio [three people] at the banks of river Ganga... all these elements are well- described. [1-3-14]

gangaayaah cha api sa.ntaaram bharadvaajasya darshanam |

bharadvaaja abhyanujnaat chitrakuutasya darshanam || 1-3-15

Crossing over River Ganga; looking up Sage Bharadwaja; their look up at Chitrakuta on Sage Bharadwaja's advise... [1-3-15]

vaastu karma nivesham cha bharata agamanam tathaa |

prasaadanam cha raamasya pituh cha salila kriyaam || 1-3-16

Construction of a hermitage and dwelling [a shelter (as a house) in which people live] therein; Bharata's arrival at that place for the graciousness of Rama to take back the kingdom; Rama's denial of it; Rama's offering water oblations to his father on hearing the demise of his father... [1-3-16]

paadukaa agrya abhishhekam cha nandi graama nivaasanam |

dandakaaranya gamanam viraadhasya vadham tathaa || 1-3-17

Enthroning [to seat ceremonially on a throne] shoe-sandals of Rama by Bharata; Bharata's living in a village Nandigrama; Rama's going to Dandaka forests; killing the demon named Viradha... [1-3-17]

darshanam sharabhangasya sutiikshnena samaagamam |

anasuuyaa samaakhyaa cha angaraagsya cha arpanam || 1-3-18

Rama's visit to Sage Sharabhanga and Suteekshna; their visiting hermitic lady Anasuya, and her smooth speaking with Seetha and also her giving a body cream to Seetha...[by applying which cream Seetha will not wither away in the rough weather of woods. These details are incorporated with great care.] [1-3-18]

darshanam cha api agastyasya dhanuso grahanam tathaa |

shuurpanakhaah cha sa.mvaadam viruupakaranam tathaa || 1-3-19

Also even Rama's seeing the Sage Agastya, and likewise taking a great bow from that sage... also the palaver [discussion] with Shuurpanakha, the lady demon, and defacing her, likewise... [1-3-19]

vadham kharah trishirasah utthaanam raavanasya cha |

maariichasya vadham cha eva vaidehyaa haranam tathaa || 1-3-20

The killing of demons like Khara, Trishirasa and the upsurge of Ravana thereby, and also killing demon Maareecha, and Ravana's abduction of Vaidehi, likewise... [1-3-20]

raaghavasya vilaapam cha gridhra raaja nibarhanam |

kabandha darshanam cha eva pampaayaah cha api darshanam ||1-3-21

Raghava's anguish at the loss of Seetha; Ravana's slaying the mighty eagle Jataayu; Rama's seeing Kabandha, and also Lake Pampa...[1-3-21]

shabarii darshanam cha eva phala muula ashanam tathaa |

pralaapam cha eva pampaayam hanumad darshanam || 1-3-22

Rama's seeing Shabari, a hermetic lady and eating fruits and tubers [a short fleshy usually underground stem] given by her in utmost adoration; Rama's bemoaning [to express deep grief or distress over] for Seetha; his sighting Hanuma at Lake Pampa... [1-3-22]

rishhyamuukasya gamanam sugriivena samaagamam |

pratyayotpaadanam sakhyam vaali sugriiva vigraham || 1-3-23

Also going to Mt. Rishyamuka, meeting Sugreeva and generating confidence in Sugreeva, befriending him and the duel of Vali and Sugreeva... [1-3-23]

vaali pramathanam cha eva sugiiva pratipaadanam |

taaraa vilaapam samayam varshha raatra nivaasanam || 1-3-24

Also thus Vali's elimination and establishing Sugreeva on throne of monkey kingdom, grieving of Tara, the wife of Vali and empress [the wife or widow of an emperor] of that kingdom, and as consented [agreed] Rama's stopover during the days of rain... [1-3-24]

kopam raaghava si.mhasya balaanaam upasa.mgraham |

dishah prasthaapanam cha eva prithivyaah cha nivedanam || 1-3-25

The wrath [anger] of Raghava, the lion, at the delay caused by Sugreeva, and Sugreeva's foregathering of all troops, and sending them to all quarters, and Sugreeva's description of earth's topography to monkey-troops... [1-3-25]

anguliiyaka daanam cha rikshsya bila darshanam |

praayopaveshanam cha api sa.mpaateh cha api darshanam || 1-3-26

Rama's giving his ring to Hanuman as a token for Seetha's recognition... and the monkeys thus searching see Riskha cave, bear-cave, and their fasting unto death for their quest remained unsuccessful, and their seeing Sampaati, another mighty eagle and the brother of slain Jataayu, who guides the monkeys to the destination where Seetha is held captive. [1-3-26]

parvata aarohanam cha api saagarsya api langhanam |

samudra vachanaat cha eva mainaakasya cha darshanam || 1-3-27

Hanuma's climbing Mt. Mahendra to leap over the ocean, and on the advice of the Ocean, Mt. Mainaka's coming up from under waters to give rest to Hanuma, and Hanuma's seeing that mountain are depicted. [1-3-27]

raakshasii tarjanam cha eva chaayaa graahasya darshanam |

si.mhikaayaah cha nidhanam lankaa malaya darshanam || 1-3-28

Hanuma's killing the lady demon Surasa, and his seeing of Simhika, a rapacious [living on prey] creature of gigantic origin, which captures its prey by the shadow, and Hanuma's killing that Simhika, and his seeing the mountain of Lanka, called Mt. Trikuta, on which the state of Lanka is built, Valmiki described them all. [1-3-28]

raatrau la.nkaa pravesham cha ekasya api vichi.ntanam |

aapaana bhuumi gamanam avarodhasya darshanam || 1-3-29

In night Hanuma's entry into Lanka, for being lonely his thinking over the course to search for Seetha, and his going to the liquor consumption place, and also his seeing the palace chambers of Ravana... [1-3-29]

darshanam raavanasya api pushhpakasya cha darshanam |

ashoka vanikaayaanam siitaayaah cha api darshanam || 1-3-30

Hanuma's seeing Ravana, and also his seeing Pushpaka, the divine aircraft, and in Ashoka gardens, his seeing Seetha also... [1-3-30]

abhijnana pradaanam cha siitaayaah cha api bhaasanam |

raakshasii tarjanam cha eva trijataa svapna darshanam || 1-3-31

Presenting his credential [something that gives confidence], the ring of Rama, to Seetha and his talk with Sita, and also his witnessing the lady demon scaring Seetha to oblige [agree] Ravana, and his witnessing lady demon Trijata narrating her bad dream, are all narrated in the epic.] [1-3-31]

mani pradaanam siitaayaah vriksha bha.mgam tatha eva cha |

raakshasii vidravam chaiva ki.nkaraanaam nibarhanam |1-3-32

Seetha's giving her bejeweled hair-slide or hair-clip to be shown to Rama, Hanuma's uprooting of the trees of that beautiful Ashoka gardens, thereby the lady demon fleeing in scare, his killing the guards of that garden... [1-3-32]

grahanam vaayu suunoshcha la.mkaa daaha abhigarjanam |

prati plavanam eva atha madhuunaam haranam tathaa || 1-3-33

The capture of Hanuma, the son of Air-god, by the magical missile of Indrajit, son of Ravana, and also Hanuma's burning down Lanka, and his blaring [to shout] at the demons, also his return flight from Lanka... and on his way back Hanuma's seeing a honey garden, and the appropriation [to take exclusive possession of] of honey... [1-3-33]

raaghava aasvaasanam chaiva mani niryaatanam tathaa |

sa.ngamam cha samudrena nala setoh cha bandhanam || 1-3-34

Hanuman's action in presenting the jewel sent by Seetha solaces [consoles] Raghava, and thus the meeting of Rama with the Ocean, and Nala's building the bridge on ocean... [1-3-34]

prataaram cha samudrasya raatrau la.mkaa avarodhanam |

vibhiishhanena sa.nsargam vadhopaaya nivedanam || 1-3-35

Crossing over the ocean by the boulder bridge built by Nala, and seizure of Lanka in night, and Vibhishana, the younger brother of Ravana, whom Ravana banished, comes to meet Rama, and his telling the scheme to kill Ravana to Rama... [1-3-35]

kumbhakarnasya nidhanam meghanaada nibarhanam |

raavanasya vinaasham cha siitaavaaptim areh pure || 1-3-36

Destruction of Kumbhakarna, another brother of Ravana, and the elimination of Meghanatha, the valiant fighter and son of Ravana, and the annihilation [destruction] of Ravana, and also retrieval of Seetha in enemy's city, all these are narrated in the epic. [1-3-36]

vibhiishhana abhishhekam cha pushhpakasya cha darshanam |

ayodhyaayaah cha gamanam bharadvaaja samaagamam || 1-3-37

Crowning of Vibhishana as the king of Lanka, after the demise of Ravana, and also Rama's seeing Pushpaka, the divine aircraft, and returning to Ayodhya in that aircraft... and Rama's meeting Sage Bharadvaja on his way back... [1-3-37]

presanam vaayu putrasya bharatena samaagamam |

raama abhishheka abhyudayam sarva sainya visarjanam |

sva raashhtra ra.njanam cha eva vaidehyaah cha visarjanam || 1-3-38

Sending Hanuma to meet Bharata, for he avowed [acknowledged] to self-immolate [to offer in sacrifice] if Rama were not to come in time; the coronation festival of Rama; disbandment of all military troops of monkeys; Rama's ruling his kingdom to the delight of his subjects, and the desolation [grief] of Vaidehi too... are described by Valmiki. [1-3-38]

anaagatam cha yat ki.nchid raamasya vasudhaa tale |

tat chakaara uttare kaavye vaalmiikih bhagavaan rishhih || 1-3-39

The godly sage Valmiki composed the futuristic [forward thinking] legend of Rama while on the surface of earth, and whatever that is there, that is composed in all its minuteness, in the coming chapters of this epic. [1-3-39]

iti vaalmiiki raamaayane aadi kaavtye baala kaande tritiiyah sargah

Thus, this is the 3rd chapter in Bala Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

References

Desiraju Hanumanta Rao. (1998). Balakanda - Book Of Youthful Majesties.

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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