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Chapter 67: Deliberation on the Future of Ayodhya

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Deliberation on the Future of Ayodhya

Summary

That night in Ayodhya passed over with agony. At sunrise the Brahmins who enthrone a person as a king, assembled and requested Vasista the family priest of Ikshvaku’s to select a youth to be crowned as a king of Ayodhya. They enunciated the various evil consequences of allowing the country without a king and leaving it in anarchy.

Chapter [Sarga] 67 in Detail

aakranditaniraanandaa saasrakamthajanaavilaa |

aayodhyaayaamatitataa saa vyatiiyaaya sharvarii || 2-67-1

That night in Ayodhya, which was joyless in a weeping tone and thronged with people with tears in their throats, slowly passed over.

vyatiitaayaam tu sharvaryaam aadityasya udaye tatah |

sametya raaja kartaarah sabhaam iiyur dvijaatayah || 2-67-2

At sunrise, when the night had passed over, the Brahmins who place a king on the throne, together gathered at the assembly.

maarkandeyo atha maudgalyo vaamadevah ca kaashyapah |

kaatyayano gautamah ca jaabaalih ca mahaa yashaah || 2-67-3

ete dvijaah saha amaatyaih prithag vaacam udiirayan |

vasistham eva abhimukhaah shresthah raaja purohitam || 2-67-4

Maarkandeya, Moudgalya, Vamadeva, Kashyapa, Kaatyayana, Gautama and the greatly famous Jabali-all these Brahmans together with the ministers turned towards the excellent royal priest Vasishta and one by one spoke as follows:

atiitaa sharvarii duhkham yaa no varsa shata upamaa |

asmin pancatvam aapanne putra shokena paarthive || 2-67-5

 “King Dasaratha having obtained death due to grief born of separation from his sons (Rama and Lakshmana), the night which burdened like a hundred years, has passed over with great difficulty.”

svar gatah ca mahaa raajo raamah ca aranyam aashritah |

laksmanah ca api tejasvii raamena eva gatah saha || 2-67-6

 “The monarch has gone to heaven. Rama took retreat in a forest. The brilliant Lakshmana followed suit and went along with Rama.”

ubhau bharata shatrughnau kkekayesu param tapau |

pure raaja grihe ramye maataamaha niveshane || 2-67-7

 “Both Bharata and Satrughna, the annihilator of enemies, are encamped in the beautiful house of their maternal uncle in the city of Rajagriha in the kingdom of Kekaya.”

iksvaakuunaam iha adya eva kashcit raajaa vidhiiyataam |

araajakam hi no raastram na vinaasham avaapnuyaat || 2-67-8

 “Hence, let anyone here in Ikshvaku dynasty be made a king today itself lest our nation without a king should result in a collapse indeed.”

na araajale jana pade vidyun maalii mahaa svanah |

abhivarsati parjanyo mahiim divyena vaarinaa || 2-67-9

 “Lightning clouds in the sky with a great noise of thunder, will not yield rain on the land in a country without a king.”

na araajake jana pade biija mustih prakiiryate |

na araakake pituh putrah bhaaryaa vaa vartate vashe || 2-67-10

 “Even a fist of seeds are not disbursed in a ruler- less land. In anarchy, even a son is not amenable to the control of a father nor a wife in the authority of her husband.”

araajake dhanam na asti na asti bhaaryaa api araajake |

idam atyaahitam ca anyat kutah satyam araajake || 2-67-11

 “In a ruler-less land, there is no wealth. Where there is no king, there is no (faithful) wife. Another very dangerous thing is there. In a ruler less territory, how can there be truth? "

na araajake jana pade kaarayanti sabhaam naraah |

udyaanaani ca ramyaani hristaah punya grihaani ca || 2-67-12

 “In a ruler- less country, people do not cause to make a delightful assembly nor erect beautiful parks or temples.”

na araajake jana pade yajna shiilaa dvijaatayah |

satraani anvaasate daantaa braahmanaah samshita vrataah || 2-67-13

 “In a ruler- less territory, those who frequently perform sacrificial rites, those who have self-restraint, those who firmly adhere to a vow as well as Brahmins do not carry out Soma sacrifices.”

na araajake janapade mahaayajjnesu yajvanah |

braahmanaa vasusampannaa visrijantyaaptadakshinaah || 2-67-14

 “In a ruler-less land, Brahmans who obtained wealth and sacrificers in great sacrificial rites do not bestow proper gifts”

na araajake jana pade prabhuuta nata nartakaah |

utsavaah ca samaajaah ca vardhante raastra vardhanaah || 2-67-15

 “In a ruler- less territory, festivals and gatherings exalting the kingdom in which actors, and dancers exhibit their talents are not frequently arranged”

na arajake jana pade siddha arthaa vyavahaarinah |

kathaabhir anurajyante kathaa shiilaah kathaa priyaih || 2-67-16

 “In a ruler less land, litigants do not get their disputes settled and persons who have a knack for narrating stories do not gratify story- lovers with their tales.”

na araajake janapade udyaanaani samaagataah |

saayaahne kriiditum yaanti kumaaryo hemabhuusitaah || 2-67-17

 “In a ruler less territory, girls adorned in gold do not go together to parks to play there in the evening.”

na araajake jana pade vaahanaih shiighra gaamibhih |

naraa niryaanti aranyaani naariibhih saha kaaminah || 2-67-18

 “In a lord less land, lustful men do not go out to woods with ladies in speedily moving vehicles"

na araakaje jana pade dhanavantah suraksitaah |

sherate vivrita dvaaraah krisi go raksa jiivinah || 2-67-19

 “In a lord less land, rich people living on agriculture and cattle rearing do not sleep in their abodes well protected, with their doors open”

na araajake janapade baddaghantaa visaaninah |

aatanti raajamaargesu kujnjaraah sastihaayanaah || 2-67-20

 “In a land without emperor, sixty year old elephants with bells tied around their tusks, do not roam around on royal high ways

na araajake janapade sharaan samtatamasyataam |

shruuyate talanirghosa isvastraanaamupaasane || 2-67-21

 “In a ruler less land, the noise of plucking the bow string with the palm, produced by archers continuously discharging arrows while practicing the use of their bows, is not heard.”

na araajake jana pade vanijo duura gaaminah |

gacchanti ksemam adhvaanam bahu punya samaacitaah || 2-67-22

 “In a ruler-less land, traders who go to distant places, carrying with them several merchandises, cannot travel safely in their voyages.”

na araajake jana pade carati eka carah vashii |

bhaavayann aatmanaa aatmaanam yatra saayam griho munih || 2-67-23

 “In a ruler-less land, a monk who wanders alone, who has subdued his senses, who mediates himself on the soul and who takes up an abode wherever evening overtakes him, cannot roam around the city.”

na araajake jana pade yoga ksemam pravartate |

na ca api araajake senaa shatruun visahate yudhi || 2-67-24

 “In a ruler-less land; gain and security are not duly established. In anarchy, army cannot conquer enemies in battle.”

na araajake janapade hristaih paramavaajibhih |

naraah samyaanti sahasaa rathaishca parimanditaah || 2-67-25

 “In a ruler-less land, people beautifully adorned, cannot go fast cheerfully in excellent horses and chariots.”

na araajake janapade naraah shaastravishaaradaah |

sampadanto.avatisthante vanesuupavanesu ca || 2-67-26

 “In a ruler-less land, persons skilled in sacred treatises cannot sit speaking together in forests and groves.”

na araajake janapade maalyamodakadakshinaah |

devataabhyarcanaarthaya kalpyante niyatairjanaih || 2-67-27

“In a ruler-less land, floral garlands, sweet-meats and gifts for the sake of offering to the deities, are not arranged by the appointed persons.”

na araajake janapade candanaagururuusitaah |

raajaputraa viraajante vasanta iva shaakhinah || 2-67-28

 “In a ruler-less land, royal princes smeared with paste of sandal and aloe-wood do not figure brilliantly like trees in a spring time.”

yathaa hi anudakaa nadyo yathaa vaa api atrinam vanam |

agopaalaa yathaa gaavah tathaa raastram araajakam || 2-67-29

 “A ruler-less country is like the water less rivers, like the lawn less garden and like the cowherd less cows.”

dhvajo rathasya prajjnaanam dhuumo jjnaanam vibhaavasoh |

tesaam yo no dhvajo raaja sa devatvamito gatah || 2-67-30

 “A flag is an identity for a chariot. A smoke is an identity for a fire. King Dasaratha, like a flag, was an identity for us and he has left the world for a heavenly abode.”

na araajake jana pade svakam bhavati kasyacit |

matsyaaiva naraa nityam bhaksayanti parasparam || 2-67-31

 “In a ruler-less land, there is no one’s own property for any one. Like fishes, persons always eat away each other.”

yehi sambhinna maryaadaa naastikaah chinna samshayaah |

te api bhaavaaya kalpante raaja danda nipiiditaah || 2-67-32

 “The atheists, who were separated from their right path and who had been tormented; with punishment earlier by the king, are now without fear and are able to exercise their old temperament (due to anarchy)”

yathaa dristih shariirasya nityamevapravartate |

tathaa narendro raastrasya prabhavah satyadharmayoh || 2-67-33

 “As the eye sight is helpful regularly for a proper setting -in-motion of the body, so also a king is the cause of existence for truth and righteousness of a country.”

raajaa satyam ca dharmashca raajaa kulavataam kulam |

raajaa maataa pitaa chaiva raajaa hitakaro nrinaam || 2-67-34

 “The king is truthfulness and righteousness personified in him. In a race, he belongs to a noble family. The king is a mother and a father. The king is a benefactor to people.”

yamo vaishravanah shakro varunashca mahaabalah |

vishesyante narendrena vrittena mahaataa tatah || 2-67-35

 “Hence, Yama (the god of Death); Kubera (the god of riches), Indra (the ruler of celestials) and the very mighty Varuna (the Lord of Waters) are outstretched by the a high and eminent conduct.”

aho tamaiva idam syaan na prajnaayeta kimcana |

raajaa cen na bhaven loke vibhajan saadhv asaadhunii || 2-67-36

 “Alas! If a king is not there in the world, with his power of discrimination between good and evil, this world will be dark and nothing will be clearly perceived.”

jiivati api mahaa raaje tava eva vacanam vayam |

na atikramaamahe sarve velaam praapya iva saagarah || 2-67-37

 “Even when the emperor was alive, we all of us did not transgress your words, only any more than an ocean transgresses its coast.”

sa nah samiiksya dvija varya vrittam |

nripam vinaa raajyam aranya bhuutam |

kumaaram iksvaaku sutam vadaanyam |

tvam eva raajaanam iha abhisincaya || 2-67-38

 “O, the excellent Brahmana! After renewing the circumstances here and seeing that the kingdom is becoming a jungle without a king, you yourself anoint a youth born in Ikshvaku race or anyone here as a king.”

ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye ayodhyaakaande saptasastitamh sargah

Thus completes 67th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

 

References

 

K. M. K. Murthy. (1999). Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya.

 

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

 

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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