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Chapter 48: The Women of Ayodhya Lament

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The Women of Ayodhya Lament

Summary

Informed by the citizens of Rama’s departure for the forest, when they returned to Ayodhya after being unable to find out the tracks of his chariot, the wives of the citizens reproach Kaikeyi and break into lamentation.

Chapter [Sarga] 48 in Detail

teshhaamevam vishhnnaanaampiiditaanaamatiiva cha |

baashhpaviplutanetraanaam sashokaanaam mumuurshhayaa || 2-48-1

anugamya nivrittaanaam raamam nagara vaasinaam |

udgataani iva sattvaani babhuuvur amanasvinaam || 2-48-2

The lives of those citizens, who had returned dejected and cheerless in this way after accompanying Rama were greatly hurt, having their eyes filled with tears afflicted with grief, longing to give up their lives and appeared as though they were dead.

svam svam nilayam aagamya putra daaraih samaavritaah |

ashruuni mumucuh sarve baaspena pihita aananaah || 2-48-3

Reaching each his own house, all of them surrounded by their sons and wife, shed tears, their faces being covered by them.

na ca aahrisyan na ca amodan vanijo na prasaarayan |

na ca ashobhanta panyaani na apacan griha medhinah || 2-48-4

None was either delightful or merry. Merchants no longer exhibited their wares, nor their merchandise looked charming. Those in charge of home did not attend to cooking.

nastam dristvaa na abhyanandan vipulam vaa dhana aagamam |

putram prathamajam labdhvaa jananii na abhyanandata || 2-48-5

None was delightful for instance on finding out a lost fortune, or on getting riches in abundance. No mother did rejoice even on obtaining a son born for the first time.

grihe grihe rudantyah ca bhartaaram griham aagatam |

vyagarhayantah duhkha aartaa vaagbhis totraih iva dvipaan || 2-48-6

Oppressed with sorrow and weeping, women in every house heaped reproaches on their husbands who came home, with words as sharp as pricks of the goad which attack an elephant.

kim nu tesaam grihaih kaaryam kim daaraih kim dhanena vaa |

putraih vaa kim sukhaih vaa api ye na pashyanti raaghavam || 2-48-7

 “What purpose of theirs who do not see Rama, will be served by their dwellings, wife or wealth or sons or pleasures even?”

ekah sat puruso loke laksmanah saha siitayaa |

yo anugacchati kaakutstham raamam paricaran vane || 2-48-8

Lakshmana alone is a good man in this world, who was accompanying Rama belonging to Kakutstha dynasty, along with Sita ,duly rendering service to them in the forest.”

aapagaah krita punyaah taah padminyah ca saraamsi ca |

yesu snaasyati kaakutstho vigaahya salilam shuci || 2-48-9

 “Fortunate too are the rivers; lotus ponds and lakes for bathing in whose sacred waters Rama entered into.”

shobhayisyanti kaakutstham atavyo ramya kaananaah |

aapagaah ca mahaa anuupaah saanumantah ca parvataah || 2-48-10

 “Forests with beautiful row of trees, tracks of land abounding in water, rivers and mountains with alluring peaks will bring splendor to Rama.”

kaananam vaa api shailam vaa yam raamah abhigamisyati |

priya atithim iva praaptam na enam shaksyanti anarcitum || 2-48-11

 “Any mountain or forest which Rama will visit, will not fail to respect him like a beloved guest who has arrived.”

vicitra kusuma aapiidaa bahu manjali dhaarinah |

akaale ca api mukhyaani puspaani ca phalaani ca || 2-48-12

“Plants with many –colored flowers as their chaplets, bearing copious clusters of blossoms full of bees exhibit themselves at Rama.”

akaale chaapi mukhyaani pushhpaani cha phalaani cha |

darshayisyanti anukroshaat girayo raamam aagatam || 2-48-13

 “Even in unseasonable ness, mountains in compassion will present principal flowers and fruits to Rama, on his arrival.”

prasravishhyanti toyaani vimalaani mahiidharaah |

vidarshayantah vividhaan bhuuyah citraamh ca nirjharaan || 2-48-14

 “Mountains will show various wonderful waterfalls again and again, duly streaming forth uncontaminated waters.”

paadapaah parvata agresu ramayisyanti raaghavam |

yatra raamah bhayam na atra na asti tatra paraabhavah || 2-48-15

 “Trees on apex of mountains will enrapture Rama. Where there is Rama, there is neither fear nor humiliation”.

sa hi shuurah mahaa baahuh putrah dasharathasya ca |

puraa bhavati no duuraat anugacchaama raaghavam || 2-48-16

 “That Rama the son of Dasaratha, the hero and the mighty armed will come to our view not far from us. Let us run after him.”

paadac chaayaa sukhaa bhartus taadrishasya mahaatmanah |

sa hi naatho janasya asya sa gatih sa paraayanam || 2-48-17

 “The shelter of the feet of the lord and the high–souled Rama is in itself a joy. Rama indeed is the protector of all of us, he the refuge and our supreme asylum ”

vayam paricarisyaamah siitaam yuuyam tu raaghavam |

iti paura striyo bhartririn duhkha aartaah tat tat abruvan || 2-48-18

 “We shall serve Sita; while you attend on Rama.” Thus, the citizen’s wives, afflicted with agony, spoke in so many words to their husbands.

yusmaakam raaghavo aranye yoga ksemam vidhaasyati |

siitaa naarii janasya asya yoga ksemam karisyati || 2-48-19

 “Rama will secure the needs and interests of yours in the forest, while Sita will do the same thing with regard to us womenfolk.”

ko nv anena apratiitena sa utkanthita janena ca |

sampriiyeta amanojnena vaasena hrita cetasaa || 2-48-20

 “Who will be highly pleased with this residence in the city, which is apprehensible, with anxious people in it and not being a pleasant spot with unsettled minds?”

kaikeyyaa yadi ced raajyam syaat adharmyam anaathavat |

na hi no jiivitena arthah kutah putraih kutah dhanaih || 2-48-21

 “If it were to be the rule of Kaikeyi, it will not be in consonance with righteousness, with no protector and indeed with no use for our lives, mush less for our sons and riches.”

yayaa putrah ca bhartaa ca tyaktaav aishvarya kaaranaat |

kam saa parihared anyam kaikeyii kula paamsanii || 2-48-22

 “Whom else Kaikeyi will not abandon? --that Kaikeyi, by whom her son and her husband were forsaken for the sake of power and who brought disgrace to her family.”

kaikeyyaa na vayam raajye bhritakaa nivasemahi |

jiivantyaa jaatu jiivantyah putraih api shapaamahe || 2-48-23

 “We swear even by our sons that while Kaikeyi is surviving and as long as we live, we will never inhabit this kingdom as Kaikeyi’s servants!”

yaa putram paarthiva indrasya pravaasayati nirghrinaa |

kah taam praapya sukham jiived adharmyaam dusta caariniim || 2-48-24

 “Who can live happily on having obtained (as one’s ruler) that impious woman of wicked conduct, who banished the son of the king without any pity?”

upadrutamidam sarvamanaalambamanaayakam |

kaikeyyaa hi krite sarvam vinaashamupayaasyati || 2-48-25

 “The whole of this kingdom, without any leader, having no support and visited by calamities, will meet with ruin because of Kaikeyi’s fault.”

na hi pravrajite raame jiivisyati mahii patih |

mrite dasharathe vyaktam vilopah tat anantaram || 2-48-26

 “For, Rama having gone into exile, the monarch will not survive and when Dasaratha is dead, utter regrets will remain thereafter. It is certain!”

te visam pibata aalodya ksiina punyaah sudurgataah |

raaghavam vaa anugacchadhvam ashrutim vaa api gacchata || 2-48-27

 “So, drink poison duly stirred up, since your merits are exhausted and you are marked out by ill fortune. Otherwise, follow Rama to forest or reach a place where even the name of Kaikeyi may not reach your ears.”

mithyaa pravraajitah raamah sabhaaryah saha laksmanah |

bharate samnisristaah smah saunike pashavo yathaa || 2-48-28

 “Rama has been sent to exile along with Sita and Lakshmana deceitfully. We have been handed over now to Bharata, like the beasts in the hands of a slaughterer.”

puurnachandraananah shyaamo guudhajatrurarimdamah |

aajaanubaahuh padmaaksho raamo lakshmanapuurvajah || 2-48-29

puurvaabhibhaashhii madhurah satyavaadii mahaabalah |

saumyah sarvasya lokasya chandravatpriyadarshanah || 2-48-30

nuunam purushhashaarduulo mattamaatagavikramah |

shobhayushyatyaranyaani vicharan sa mahaarathah || 2-48-31

 “Rama, whose face is like the full moon, of dark brown complexion, whose collar-bone is invisible (because of its being covered with flesh), a conqueror of foes, whose arms descend to his knees, whose eyes resemble lotuses, the elder brother of Lakshmana, who takes initiative in speaking and expresses with sweetness, truthful of speech and possessed of extra ordinary strength, is benevolent to all, delightfully charming as the moon, that tiger among men, as mighty as an elephant in rut, that great car-warrior, will surely adorn the woods, while roaming through them..”

taastathaa vilapantyastu nagare naagarastriyah |

chukrushurduhkhasamtaptaamrityoriva bhayaagame || 2-48-32

Those wives of citizens in the city of Ayodhya, lamenting as aforesaid, began weeping, as though fear has cropped up for a forth-coming death.

ityeva vilapantiinaam striinaam veshmasu raaghavam |

jagaamaastam dinakaro rajanii chaabhyavartata || 2-48-33

The sun sank below the horizon and the night fell, while the women in the houses were weeping in that manner about Rama.

nashhtajvalanasampaataa prashaantaadhyaayasatkathaa |

timirenaabhilipteva tadaa saa nagarii babhau || 2-48-34

The city of Ayodhya, in which the kindling of fires had ceased and the chanting of Vedas and narration of sacred stories died out, looked as though it was coated with darkness at that time.

upashaantavanikpanyaa nashhtaharshhaa niraashrayaa |

ayodhyaa nagarii chaasiinnashhtataaramivaambaram || 2-48-35

The city of Ayodhya, in which the business of the trading class had come to a stand-still, in which joy had been faded out, which had become (now) support less, looked dim as though stars had disappeared in the sky.

tathaa striyo raama nimittam aaturaa |

yathaa sute bhraatari vaa vivaasite |

vilapya diinaa rurudur vicetasah |

sutaih hi taasaam adhiko hi so abhavat || 2-48-36

The women whose minds became sick on account of Rama, as one would feel on one’s own son or brother having been sent into exile, cried miserably expressing their grief in various ways. To them, Rama was dearer than their very sons!

prashaantagiitotsava nrittavaadanaa |

vyapaastaharshhaa pihitaapanodayaa |

tadaa hyayodhyaa nagarii babhuuva saa |

mahaarnavah samkshapitodako yathaa ||2-48-37

That city of Ayodhya, in which singing, rejoicing, dancing and instrumental music had been completely set at rest, when joy had departed forever and whose shops had been closed, looked at that time like a great ocean whose waters had dried up.

iti vaalmiiki raamaayane aadi kaavye ayodhya kaande ashhtachatvaarimshah sargah

Thus completes 48th chapter in the Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Sriman Moola Rama Vijayate

 


References

 

K. M. K. Murthy. (1999). Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya.

 

Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.

 

Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.

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