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Chapter 103: Rama Offers Water to His Deceased Father
Rama Offers Water to His Deceased Father
Rama fainted away, after hearing the news of his father's death and is brought back to consciousness by Bharata and others who sprinkle water on him. Rama laments in various ways. Bharata consoles him. Rama in turn consoles Seetha who is weeping. Rama painfully reaches the River Mandakini, offers water and balls of food to the spirit of his departed father and returns to the hut. The crying sounds of those brothers mourning for their dad father with Seetha created and echo in the mountain. Hearing their cry of distress, the troops approach Rama, who receives them all with affection.
Chapter [Sarga] 103 in Detail
taam shrutvaa karunaam vaacham piturmaranasamhitaam |
raaghavo bharatenoktaam babhuuva gatachetanah || 2-103-1
Hearing those mournful words relating to the death of his father, spoken by Bharata, Rama fainted away.
tam tu vajramivotsristamaahave daanavaarinaa |
vaagvajram bharatenoktamamanojjnam paramtapah || 2-103-2
pragrihya raamo baahuuvai pusitaagro yathaa drumah |
vane parashunaa krittastathaa bhuvi papaata ha || 2-103-3
Hearing that unpleasant thunder bolt of words spoken by Bharata, like a thunderbolt released by Indra the Lord of celestials in a battle, Rama the terminator of his enemies, stretched forth his hands and fell on the ground, in the same manner as a tree covered at extremities with blossoms was cut off by an axe in the forest.
tathaa nipatitam raamam jagatyaam jagatiipatim |
kuulaghaataparishraantam pasuptamiva kujnjaram || 2-103-4
bhraataraste mahesvaasam sarvatah shokakarshitam |
rudantah saha vaidehyaa sisibhuh salilena vai || 2-103-5
Seeing Rama lying on the earth, has the lord of the earth, like an elephant crushed by a land slide on a bank where he was sleeping, those brother along with Seetha approached him from all sides and weepingly sprinkled water on him.
sa tu samjjnaam punarlabdhvaa netraabhyaamasramutsrijan |
upaakraamata kaakutthsah kripanam bahu bhaasitum || 2-103-6
Coming to his senses again and tears falling from his eyes; Rama began to speak much plaintively.
sa raamah svargatam shrutvaa pitaram prithiviipatim |
uvaacha bharatam vaakyam dharmaatmaa dharmasamhitam || 2-103-7
Hearing that the King and his father had ascended to heaven, the virtuous. Rama spoke the following words, consistent with righteousness to Bharata.
kim karisyaamyayodhyaayaam taate distaam gatim gate |
kastaam raajavaraaddhiinaamayodhyaam paalayisyati || 2-103-8
"What should I do with Ayodhya, now that my father reached the end of his life? Who will rule that Ayodhya, which is bereft of that excellent king?
kim nu tasya mayaa kaaryam durjaatena mahaatmanah |
yo mrito mama shokena mayaa chaapi na samskritah || 2-103-9
"In my misfortune, what can I do for that high-souled one? He died of grief on my account and I did not perform the last rites for him!"
ahoh bharata! siddhaartho yena raajaa tvayaanugha!|
shatrughnena cha sarvesu pretakrityesu satkritah || 2-103-10
"O, Bharata the faultless one! Alas! Happy are you, by whom as well as by Shatrughna the king was honored by all obsequial rites!"
nispradhaanaa manekaagraam narendrena vinaa kritaam |
nivrittavanavaaso.api naayodhyaam gantumutsahe || 2-103-11
'Even after the end of my exile, I do not want to return to Ayodhya which is i a disarranged state, deprived of a chief and made bereft of a king."
samaaptavanavaasam maamayodhyaayaam paramtapa |
ko.anu shaasisyati punastate lokaantaram gate || 2-103-12
"O, Bharata the terminator of foes While our father has gone to the other world, who will counsel me when my exile in the forest is over?"
puraa preksya suvrittam maam pitaa yaanyaaha saantvayan |
vaakyaani taani shrosyaami kutah shrotasukhaanyaham || 2-103-13
"Formerly, seeing my good conduct, our father used to address me in words of praise; from whom now shall I hear those words delightful to the ears?"
evamuktvaa sa bharatam bhaaryaamabhyetya raaghavah |
uvaacha shokasamtaptah puurnachandranibhaananaam || 2-103-14
Having spoken thus to Bharata, Rama went to seek out his consort, whose face resembled the full moon, and overwhelmed with grief, spoke to her as follows:-
siite mritaste shvashurah pitraa hiino.asi laksmana |
bharato kuhkhamaachaste svargatam prithiviipatim || 2-103-15
"O, Seetha! Your father-in-law is dead. O, Lakshmana! You have become bereft of your father. Bharata is informing sorrowful news of the emperor being dead.
tato bahugunam tesaam baaspo netresvajaayata |
tathaa bruvati kaakutthsa kumaaraanaam yashasvinaam || 2-103-16
While Rama was uttering those words, copious tears caused to flow then from the eyes of those sons of Dasaratha.
tataste bhraatarassarve bhrishamaashvaasya raaghavam |
abruvan jagatiibhartuh kriyataamudakam pituh || 2-103-17
Then, all those brothers consoled Rama very much and said to him, "Let us offer libations of water for our father, the Lord of the earth."
saa siitaa shvashuram shrutvaa svargalokagatam nripam |
netraabhyaamashrupuurnaabhyaamashakanneksitum patim || 2-103-18
Hearing that her father-in-law, that great monarch had ascended to heaven, Seetha was unable to see her husband through eyes filled with tears.
saantvayitvaa tu taam raamo rudatiim janakaatmajaam |
uvaacha laksmanam tatra duhkhito duhkhitam vachah || 2-103-19
Rama consoled that Seetha who was weeping and himself stricken with grief, spoke to the lamenting Lakshmana as follows:
aanayegudipinyaakam chiiramaahara chottaram |
jalakriyaartham taatasya gamisyaami mahaatmanah || 2-103-20
"Bring the crushed pulp of Ingudi Tree and bring a piece of bark for being wrapped about my loins and another for being used as my loins and another for being used as an upper garment, so that we may proceed to offer libations of water for our magnanimous father."
siitaa purastaadrvajatu tvamenaamabhito vraja |
aham pashcaadgamisyaami gati rhyesaa sudaarunaa || 2-103-21
"Let Seetha walk in the front and you follow after her nearby. I shall follow in the rear. This indeed is the most terrible procession.
tato nityaanugastesaam viditaatmaa mahaamatih |
mridurdaantascha shaantashcha raame cha dridhabhaktimaan || 2-103-22
sumantrastairnripasutaih saardhamaashvaasya raagavam |
aavaataarayadaalambya nadiim mandaakiniim shivaam || 2-103-23
Then, their faithful companion Sumantra versed in the spiritual science, endowed with great intelligence, kind, self-controlled and glorious, and deeply devoted to Rama, consoling him and his brothers, took Rama by the hand and helped him descend to the auspicious River Mandakini.
te sutiirthaam tatah krichchhraadupaagamya yashasvinah |
nadiim mandaakiniim ramyaam sadaa puspitakaananaam || 2-103-24
shiighrashrotasamaasaadya tiirtham shimamakardamam |
sisichustudakam raajjne taataitatte bhavatviti || 2-103-25
The illustrious Rama and others painfully reached the River Mandakini, that stream of sacred fords, the enchanting one always covered with flowers, coming to a blessed ford, free from mud and offered the lustral [purificatory] water to the king, saying "Father! May this prove agreeable to you."
pragrihya cha mahiipaalo jalapuuritamajnjalim |
disham yaamyaamabhimukho rudanvachanambraviit || 2-103-26
Holding together in the form of a hollow his palms full of water and turning his face turned towards the southern quarter and weeping the great prince pronounced the traditional words saying:
etatte raajashaarduula vimalam toyamaksayam |
pitrilokagatasyaadya maddattamupatisthatu || 2-103-27
O, Tiger among men! May this water without taint and incorruptible at the moment that I offer it to you, reach you in the region of your ancestors where you are."
tato mandaakiniitiiraatrpatyuttiirya sa raaghavah |
pitushchakaara tejasvii nivaapam braatribhih saha || 2-103-28
Thereafter, the glorious Rama, resending the bank of Mandakini River along with his brothers, offered balls of food to his father.
aigudam badariimishram pinyaakam darbhasamstare |
nyasya raamassa duhkhaarto rudanvachanamabraviit || 2-103-29
Rama placed the pulp of the Ingudi tree mixed with the pulp of plums on a mat of Kusa grass and overcome with sadness, weeping, spoke the following words:
idambhuksva mahaaraaja priito yadashanaa vayam |
yadannah puruso bhavati tadannaa stasya devataah || 2-103-30
"O, Great King! Be pleased to partake of this, which we eat for, that which man eats, is also consumed by his gods."
tatastenaiva maargena pratyuttiirya nadiitataat |
aaruroha naravyaaghro ramyasaanum mahidharam || 2-103-31
Rama the tiger among men then re-ascending by the same path on the banks of the river reached the charming summit of Chitrakuta Mountain.
tatah parnakutiidvaaramaasaadya jagatiipatih |
parijagraaha baahubhyaamubhau bharatalaksmanau || 2-103-32
Gaining the door of his leafy hut, Rama the Lord of the earth then embraced Bharata and Lakshmana with his arms.
tesaam tu rudataam shabdaatpratishrutko.abhavadgirau |
bhraatruu saha vaidehyaa simhaanaamiva nardhataam || 2-103-33
From the sound of the cry of those brothers with Seetha, which resembled like the roaring of lions rose an echo in the mountain.
mahaabalaanaam rudataaam kurvataamudakam pituh |
vijjnaaya tumulam shabdam trastaa bharatasainikaah || 2-103-34
Hearing the tumultuous clamor by those mighty heroes as, weeping they completed the libations of water to their father, Bharata's army got alarmed.
aabruvamshchaapi raamena bharatassamgato dhruvam |
tesaameva mahaashabdah shochataam pitaram mritam || 2-103-35
Those troops of Bharata also said, "Assuredly, Bharata has joined Rama and this is a great sound only of their wailing, as they mourn for their dead father."
atha vaasaanparityajya tam sarve.abhimukhaah svanam |
a pyekamanaso jagmuryathaasthaanam pradhaavitaah || 2-103-36
Leaving their tents all of them having but one thought, went running in the direction of that sound instantly.
hayairanye gajairanye rathairanye svalamkritaih |
sukumaaraastathaivaanye padbhireva naraa yayah || 2-103-37
Some went on their horses, some others on their elephants, some in their chariots covered with ornaments while the youthful people went on foot.
achiraprositam raamam chiraviprositam yathaa |
drastukaamo janassarvo jagaama sahasaashramam || 2-103-38
In their longing to see Rama, whose absence though recent, seemed so long a period for them, the whole people ran towards the hermitage.
bhraatruunaam tvaritaastatra drastukaamaassamaagamam |
yuyurbahuvidhairyaanaih kharanevisvanaakulaih || 2-103-39
Eager to see those brothers re-united there, they went hastily by various means of transport, either by hoofed animals or by wheeled vehicles.
saa bhuumirbahubhiryaanai kharanemisamrahataa |
Trodden by many vehicles, beasts and chariots, that land emitted a tumultuous noise, as a sky during the conjunction of clouds.
tena vitraasitaa naagaah karenuparivaaritaah |
aavaasayanto gandhena jagmuranyadvanam tatah || 2-103-41
Frightened by that noise, the wild elephants, surrounded by female elephants, perfuming the quarters with the scent of their ichor [a thin watery or blood-tinged discharge], went to another wood from there.
varaahavrikasamghaashcha simhaashcha mahisaah sarpavaanaraah |
vyaaghragokarnagavayaah vitresuh prisataissaha || 2-103-42
Boars, wolves and lions, buffaloes, snakes, monkeys, tigers, Gokarnas and Gavayas (two distinctive species of deer) along with spotted deer felt frightened.
rathaagasaahvaa natyuuha hamsaah kaarandavaah plavaah |
tathaa pumskokolaah kraujncha visamjjnaa bhejire dishah || 2-103-43
The ruddy gooses, water-fowls, swans, Karandavas (a sort of ducks), herons, male cuckoos and cranes, utterly confused made it to various directions.
tena shabdena vitrastairaakaasam paksibhirvaritam |
manusyairaavritaa bhuumirubhayam prababhau ta daa || 2-103-44
The sky filled with birds that had been frightened by that noise and the earth covered with men, both looked beautiful at that moment.
tattastam purusavyaaghram yashasvina makiilamsam |
aasiinam sthandile raamam dadarsha sahasaa janah || 2-103-45
Suddenly then, the people beheld the illustrious and the sinless Rama, sitting on the bare earth.
vigarhamaanah kaikeyiim mantharaasahitaamapi |
abhigamya jano raamam baaspapuurnamukho.abhavat || 2-103-46
Abusing Kaikeyi and Manthara, those people turned up with their faces bathed in tears. while approaching Rama.
taannaraan baaspapuurnaaksaan samiiksyatha suduhkhitaan |
paryasvajata dharmajjnah pitrivanmaatrivachcha nah || 2-103-47
Seeing those people thus deeply afflicted their eyes suffused with tears, Rama knowing what was right, embraced them like their father and mother.
sa tatra kaamshchit parisanvaje naraan |
naraashcha kechittu tamabhyavaadayan |
chakaara sarvaan savayasyabaandhavaan |
yathaarha maasaadya tadaa nripaatmajah || 2-103-48
Rama embraced some men there, while some others offered salutations to him. Approaching them on that occasion, the king's son received them all including his friends and companions.
sa tatra tesaam rudataam mahaatmanaam |
bhuvam ba kham chaashuninaadayan svanah |
guha giriinaam cha dishshcha santatam |
mridagaghosapratimah prashushruve || 2-103-49
The tumult of those magnanimous persons lamenting, resounded over the earth and in the sky, reverberating through the mountain caves and in all quarters like the continuous beating of drums.
ityaarse shriimadraamaayane aadikaavye ayodhyaakaande tryuttarashatatamah sargah
Thus completes 103rd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
K. M. K. Murthy. (1999). Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya.
Merriam-Webster. (2007). At http://www.m-w.com.
Reference.com. (2007). At http://www.reference.com.
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