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Purandara Dasa

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Born: 1484, Karnataka, India
Died: 1564, Hampi, India
Introduction
Purandara Dasa is famous among the Haridasas of Karnataka; foremost among the talented Karnatic composers. He earned much money and lived only to earn it, but eventually gave away all his wealth because of a strange incident and became a devotee of Sri Hari. He practiced the principle contained in the popular saying "we must swim across suffering win victory over it". He earned the well-deserved praise-'Among the devotees of Hari, Purandara Dasa is the greatest'(from his preceptor Sri Vyaasa Tiirtha). His works have earned the name 'Purandaropanishat'.
After Nayaka Became Saint
After Srinivasa Nayaka became the saint-singer celebrating Sri Hari, he sought a teacher for guidance and was received as a disciple by Sri Vyaasaraja. Sri Vyaasaraja who had been accepted as a great saint had composed verses both in Sanskrit and Kannada. He bestowed the name of 'Purandara Vittala' on the unattached Srinivasa Nayaka and blessed him heartily. Purandaradasa has expressed his gratitude to Sri Vyaasaraja in one of his verses thus: "My only refuge is the feet of Vyaasaraja. I was able to understand Purandara Vittala by his grace".
Srinivasa Nayaka who had earned the name of Navakoti Narayana, became a devotee of Narayana, the protector of the mankind and started a new life along with his wife and children. Purandara Dasa's wife and children appear to have composed verses like him.
In course of time Purandaradasa came to Hampi and settled down with his wife and children. He had four sons-Varadappa, Gururaya, Abhinavappa and Gurmadhvapathi. Every morning Purandaradasa went into the town wearing bells on his ankles and tulasi mala around his neck. He carried a tamboori in the hand and sang his Hari-keertanas sounding the tamboori with his fingers. The verses he sang were his own compositions. They were on a variety of themes. Some of them described Sri Krishna's adventures in this world. Some others sang about God's kindness to man. A few more verses were simple compositions expounding the philosophy contained in the Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavadgita in simple words. In yet other verses Purandaradasa praises Lord Krishna affectionately. In some verses Purandaradasa has even made fun of the Lord. He sang these songs to the accompaniment of tamboori and the bells tied to his ankles and went about the streets of the town. The people admired the listened to his songs. Purandaradasa accepted alms given to him during the wandering and led a life of renunication. He who had been called Navakoti Narayana now had willingly accepted the life of a saint and begged for his food.
In Praise of the Devotees
It is interesting to note how Srinivasa Nayaka, having changed his life influenced by his wife's role and having been accepted by Sri Vyaasaraja as disciple naming 'Purandara Vittala', earned the blessings of Sri Hari. In his verses (keertanas) he praises all the devotees of Sri Hari who had earned the blessings of the Lord and supplicates before Sri Hari. He praises the good fortune of Lakshmi, the consort of Sri Hari, who had the rare fortune of serving the Lord with love at all times. He sings "How fortunate is Lakshmi, how pious is Lakshmi who serves Sri Hari with love at all times!"... Yashoda treated the protector of the world as her child and played with him and enjoyed every moment she spent with the child Krishna. Purandardasa envies her and sings "It is the good fortune of the Gopi that Sripati is in the form of a child". Thinking of Vidura who satisfied his friend and Lord of the World with just one cup of milk, he praises him for his good luck and sings: "it is the good fortune of Vidura that the universe in the for Padmajaanda (Lord Krishna) is fully satisfied with what Vidura has offered".
Anxiety
Even though Purandardasa had taken the vow of Haridasa, his mind had not yet acquired equipoise (peace/restfulness). He feels unhappy over the state of his mind which was still unable to reach a stage of complete restfulness. He bemoans in a verse: "I did not think of you during the day, I failed to do so during the night also because of thirst and hunger. I am the victim of these two desires. O Purandara Vittala."
Again he gives expression to the conflict in his mind about his inability to give up his house, wife and children in a verse: "the love of my house and my wife on the one hand and the longing and anxiety for the children on the other hand..". The all-too-human weakness and conflict are beautifully depicted in this verse. The sole object of Purandaradasa was to be victorious over these desires and to win God's blessings. This problem was constantly before him. Sometimes he dreamt that Sri Hari appeared before him because of his constant preoccupation with the Lord. At times he appeared to him (at a mental level) the screen of his mind. The Lord seemed to test the depth of his longing and his sincerity. Purandardasa seems to have been disturbed and upset because of the severe test to which he was subjected. Hence he complains in a bannering verse "who was ever rescued by you, Sri Hari having placed complete trust on you!" The next moment there is complete surrender to the Lord as the verse indicates "No one who trusted you was ever ruined." This is the comfort he derived at the end of the conflict in his mind.
World of Purandaradasa
Purandaradasa went on singing and praying for God's grace and finally he realised God's grace. He felt the ectsasy of God realisation and at such moments he broke into song declaring "I saw Achyuta with my own eyes". He often became unconscious on account of the joy of God realization and sang: "I am saved, I have conquered life. The good fortune of serving at the feet of Padmanabha has come to me".
Each stage of Purandaradasa'a growth and development as a pious man moving towards the higher stages of God realization is significant. The greatness of his divine nature can be compositions (Suladis and Ugabhogas). The conflicts, anxieties, his hopes, fears and despair have been expressed in simple Kannada very eloquently and clearly. Purandaradasa became great because of his success in living the life of piety and proving the superiority of the soul over the worldly success. He has created a world of his own with his preoccupation with the life of the spirit and the strength of his devotion. We can read his verses and understand how the boy Dhruva and the sinner Ajamila reached the highest places as devotees by their devotion and piety. Krishna's adventures as a boy have been beautifully recorded and sung in his verses. If his playfulness, mischief and cleverness endear themselves to us in a particular way, the picture Purandaradasa gives about the coquetries and the passionate attachment of Gopis for Krishna, their lover may please the readers in quite a different way. There are vivid pictures of the Gopis complaining to Yashoda about her son's mischief in these verses.
There is also the picture of the other Gopis taking the boy Krishna in their arms, kissing him with maternal. We can enjoy such pictures described beautifully by purandaradasa in his verses.
Purandaradasa has expressed his devotion to Lord Krishna, (Panduranga Vittala) his personal deity, imagining him in so many ways and had relationships with him. His pure love and devotion came out very clearly in all his verses. He admits that he has erred in hundred ways which he ties his tongue making it different for him to ask for forgiveness. He sings again -"you are the God who can kill and save. I have not seen grandeur like yours in any other God". Before a God Purandaradasa surrenders completely and asks for refuge. His love and devotion and the stages by which he travelled before coming to the summit can be understood by us according to each one's ability to understand such spiritual development.
Good Conduct
Purandaradasa set the highest value on good conduct. The strength and greatness of Sri Hari's name have been beautifully enshrined and sung in this world. People who do not know Sanskrit find it hard to understand the Vedas and Upanishads. But Purandaradasa has explained the whole essence of these scriptures in simple Kannada and show the way that one should live. He practised in his life what he preached. It is important to note this aspect of his life. He gifted away all his wealth and lived the life of renunciation which he preached to others. Although he took to the life of renunciation and asceticism he did not desert his wife and children. He lived with them.
He made it clear to others by his conduct how it was possible to achieve purity of thought, word and deed regardless of caste, religion or creed. He did not believe that man could understand God by mere external purity unless it was accompanies by purity of mind.
Art
Whatever Purandaradsa says, the way he introduces it and explains it is very pleasant. His similes are very simple and telling. He compares wicked men to the knotted tree of thorns. He warns the non-believers that life is being wasted at every stroke of the bell. When he saw a post man he sang "A letter has arrived from Padmanabha. A letter that has been written by Padmanabha himself!”
He preached several moral precepts making use of familiar incidents like the postman delivering letters. It was God's gift that Purandaradasa was able to preach, in simple Kannada, what is difficult even for philosophers to put across in a way which the ordinary people can understand.
Incidents of Life
Just as Purandaradasa used incidents to preach the value of devotion he was able to put across difficult principles in the few simple words in Kannada. Here is the verse: "The eyes which cannot see Narahari (Krishna) are no better than the eyes of peacock's feathers". He has criticized the pretense of people who merely shave off their heads without cultivating detachment of mind and pose as saints.
Scholars think that Purandara lived for about 84 years (from AD 1480 to 1564). On the basis of the verse in the name of Madvapathi his son it is held that Purandaradasa must have passed away a year before the fall of Vijayanagar. Taking it as authentic, his death anniversary is celebrated on the New Moon Day, in the second fortnight of Pushya.
It's once own duty to understand Purandaradasa's personality from his compositions and not be content with the stories that have grown around his name. We cannot come across such originality and variety in any other saint of that creed. On the basis of a verse in his name, it is said that he composed 475,000 songs. Whatever the number of his songs we can see the greatness from the verses available now.
He made music and song an integral part of the common man's life. About a quarter of his songs deal with his spiritual life and how it grew stage by stage. The remaining songs reveal his abundant experience, devotion, wisdom and his detachment.
Vyasaraya, his teacher himself has called his verses "Purandaropanishat". There is no need for someone else's praise. Some great man who saw the greatness of the soul which has pleased and guided the people for four hundred years has praised him in the following line which may be our tribute also to that great soul:
"Salutations to you, Purandaragur, Greatest of the saints and the kindliest"
Srinivasa Nayaka becomes a Saint
Our knowledge of Purandaradasa's life stems mainly from the compositions of Vijaya dasa who lived a hundred and fifty years after the passing away of Purandaradasa. This is taken as authentic since Vijaya dAsa is believed to be the incarnation of Bhrigu muni, and an aparOksha gyani (having mystical powers).
Vijayadasa had great faith in and devotion for Purandaradasa. It is believed that Purandaradasa himself appeared in Vijayadasa's dream and bestowed on him the ankitha 'Vijaya Vittala'. This is how the story of Purandaradasa runs:
Worn-out Coin given as Alms
Purandaradasa lived in Purandaragadha, a small town in present-day Maharashtra (India), but belonging to the then Vijayanagar dynasty. His earlier name was Srinivasa Nayaka. He was engaged in the family business - dealing in precious stones. He was very rich and popularly known as navakOti nArAyaNA. He was a miser by nature, and cared for nothing except money.
Lord Vishnu decided that it was time for Srinivasa Nayaka to give up his love of money, and take his rightful role among saints. So, He took the form of a poor Brahmin and approached Srinivasa Nayaka for money in order to perform the thread ceremony of his son. Even though days rolled by, Nayaka did not give anything, but the Brahmin too did not relent. He visited Srinivasa Nayaka's shop again and again. Six months passed by in this fashion. Finally, Nayaka decided that he had to do something to get rid of the Brahmin. He had a collection of worn-out coins that were more or less worthless. He poured this in front of the Brahmin and asked him to take one and never come back. The Brahmin went away, seemingly crestfallen.
Gift of a Nose-stud
Saraswathi, Nayaka's wife, was a kind hearted soul who in her own way, tried to make amends for her husband's miserliness. The Brahmin, who knew this, went directly from Nayaka's shop to his residence. He told her his story and how her husband had sent him away with nothing.
Saraswathi was appalled by her husband's behavior. She wanted to help the poor Brahmin, but felt helpless since she could not give anything without her husband's permission. When she explained her helplessness, the Brahmin asked if she had something given by her parents (which, presumably, she could give without asking for her husband's permission). She agreed and gave him the diamond nose-stud that her parents had given her.
The vanishing ornament
The Brahmin took the ornament straight to Srinivasa Nayaka's shop. When Nayaka became angry with the Brahmin for coming back, despite his instructions to the contrary, the Brahmin clarified that he was there not to beg, but to pledge an ornament and take a loan. Nayaka was skeptical and asked the Brahmin to show him the ornament. When he saw the ornament, he was perplexed because he immediately recognized it as the one belonging to his wife. When questioned about the ornament's antecedents, the Brahmin told him that it was a gift from a benefactor.
Asking the Brahmin to come back the next day, Nayaka safely locked away the ornament in a box and went home. When he saw his wife without her ornament he questioned her about it. She tried to stall him with non-committal answers, but he insisted on seeing it immediately. He was angry because he thought she had given away a valuable ornament to a beggarly Brahmin.
Saraswathi felt the ground giving way under her feet. She knew that her husband would punish her if she told him the truth. Unable to think of an alternative, she decided to commit suicide. She poured poison into a cup and lifted it to her lips. Just as she was about to drink the poison, she heard a metallic sound. Lo behold, wonder of wonders, the ornament was right there in the cup. She could not believe her eyes. Her heart filled with gratitude, she prostrated before the idol of Krishna and took the ornament to her husband. Nayaka was astounded as it was the very same ornament that he had safely locked away in his shop. He quickly excused himself and ran back to the shop to check. The box in which he had safely locked away the ornament was empty! He was now completely and totally dumbfounded.
The renunciation
He went back to his house, and pressed his wife to tell him the truth. She told him everything that had transpired. This put his mind into a turmoil.
After deep thought, he came to the conclusion that the Brahmin was none other than God Himself. He recalled all the incidents that had transpired in the previous six months. He was disgusted with himself, and his miserliness. He felt that his wife had conducted herself far more decently and generously than himself. Since it was his love of money that had made him ill-treat the Lord, he gave away all of his wealth with the Lord's name on his lips.
From that day onwards he became a devotee of Sri Hari. navkOti nArAyANa became a nArAyANa Bhakta; the hands which sported gold and diamond rings now played the tamboora, the neck which used to be resplendent with golden chains now housed the tulasi mAla. The man who had turned away countless people away, now himself went around collecting alms and living the life of a mendicant. The Nayaka who would have lived and died an inconsequential life became PurandaradAsa, loved and revered even centuries after his death. Just as the philosopher's stone turns everything it touches to gold, the Lord took a wretched miser and made him into the doyen of all haridAsas. Such was the magic wrought by the Lord!
Jai Pundalika varada, Hari Vittala 
An Overview of Purandara Literature (Purandara Sahitya)
Sri Purandara Dasa is considered to be the main architect of Kannada Haridasa literature. His influence on the Haridasa literature has flown like a tide which became as sacred as Ganga and it created a waves of Bhagirathi River. Purandara Dasa's doctorine is "Devotion". On holding this theory Purandara Dasa became noble person.
He is fond of Vittala, whatever service he does became Madhava's service, whatever he spoke from his mouth became the name of Sri Narayana, and wherever he went in this world those places became sacred place. He took refuge with Sri Krishna and Krishna became his intellect. Udupi's Sri Krishna position became his path of love and this became Dasa's power also.
Sri Purandaradasa's eyes filled with tears of joy whenever he thought of child Krishna. He describes in his verses-Krishna playfulness from the angle of his mother Yashoda. In some of his verses Purandaradasa has identified himself with the Gopis of Gokula and has described Krishna as if he were one of the Gopi's. Although Devaki was his mother, it was Yashoda's good fortune that she became his foster-mother and brought him up so lovingly. The child Krishna was unlike other children. He would suddenly burst out crying in the cradle waking up from sleep which brought Yashoda to the cradle feeling anxious about his safety.
She would ask other Gopis to tell her, if they could, why he was crying. She would try to undo the effect of the evil eye which must have hurt her child Krishna. Naughty child Krishna would never stay at home. The whole of Gokula was his home and playground. All the cowherds and milkmaids were his playmates. Yashoda would plead with him not to go out, as the famous verse sings, "Do not go out, Ranga, beyond the threshold. If you go, the Bhagavathas will take you away". But Krishna would not listen to her. He was always fond of playing outside the home. Often he went to the other houses and ate all the butter and milk that he found there.
Unable to bear the mischief of Krishna, the Gopis complained to Yashoda who felt unhappy over this. She would cry out, "What shall I do, Krishna my son, the day has dawned", and would feel sorry at each sunrise, as it was not within her power to restrain Krishna during the day. At other times she would silence the Gopis by asking them: "Why are you complaining against my Rangayya, the idol and the beloved of all the three worlds?". If some Gopis were tired of his mischief, some of them gladly welcomed him and played with him comparing him to the moon. Whatever the complaints or praise of others, child Krishna was Yashoda's dear idol. She would play with him and forget the whole world during that time. She would bless him in various ways as she gave him in various ways as she gave him a bath of oil. If he did not listen to her, she would frighten him by saying "There is a ghost, Ranga there is ghost waiting for you". She would pretend to call the ghost. Krishna then would promise that he would be quiet and request his mother not to call the ghost. If Krishna did not return home for food after his games, Yashoda would go out searching for him and asking every woman, "Did you not see my Ranga?”. Purandaradasa has given detailed description in his verses of Balakrishna's dress and jewelry with which to identify the child. The description of his dress and jewelry in the verses is very beautiful.
As the days went by Krishna's greatness became well known. The incident of Krishna's lifting the Govardhana Mountain to give shelter to every one against the torrential rain sent by Indra is the most uncommon episode. Similarly his dancing on the hood of the great serpent Kalinga who was causing endless trouble to all people who entered the pond is another proof of his greatness. Purandaradasa has described this incident graphically in his verse: "Ranga danced on the hood of Kalinga in a splendid way, giving gifts to all who prayed and enjoying himself the while and asking for butter". All the moods of Krishna have been vividly described by Purandara Dasa. Through his verses we can appreciate and understand the kind of love and affection with which he approached God.
Purandaradasa won over all the hurdles because he took oath on Tatva. That's why he composed a song 'krishnamU^rthy kanna mu.nde ni.nthiv^rthide' (he is seeing the standing position of Sri Krishna in his eyes).
Sri Purandara is considered to be one of the ever over flowing river in the Karnataka Haridasa Sahitya Rivers. He is one of the founder of the Karnataka music. Navakoti Narayana suddenly became Haridasa by holding tamboori in his hand. There is song ' dAsaru t.amboori mItidaru, javabdi dAtidaru, gejjeya kattidaru, khalaredeya mettidaru, arisshatwargagalannu kuttidaru, vykuntada bagilanu tattidaru, gayana pAdidaru, harimurthyyanu nodidaru (he played tamboori, he crossed the fetters of the world, he wore Gajje (spherical jinging bell), chased the shyness, he defended the hearts of thiefs (khalarede), he grinded all materialistic aspirations (arishatwarga), he knocked the door of moksha, Vaikunta, adobe, he sung devotional songs and saw Sri Hari).
After seeing the great saint Sri Vyaasaraja his crores of ancestors became purified and sacred. He got the eligibility power to pray Srisha. He got ankita as Purandara Vittala. His attachment to the magical samsara has been cutoff and he was blessed by the preceptor - Sri Vyaasaraja. He succeeded in getting the friendship with Haridasa's and his dream of getting the sacred people as friends became reality. He repeatedly and continuously (without any interruption) shown interest in praying Madhava.
It is natural for a Haridasa to think of his Lord as his master. His prayer to his Lord to accept him as his servant has been expressed in a variety of ways. In his vers "Take me as your dasa (slave). You are kindness itself. How then can you wound me by your delay?" We can see the sincerity of his prayer. In another verse Purandaradasa sings, "Every day I prostrate at your feet begging that you grant me firmness of mind to be your devotee".
The relationship that each Hari Bhakta (devotee of Hari) wishes to establish with his Lord is called Dasyabhava-the relationship that exists between a good master and an ideal servant. Many of Purandaradasa's verses give expression to this sentiment. As intimacy develops between God and his devotee, a feeling of mutual regard and love develops. As if to give expression to this feeling, Purandaradasa sings rather with a sense of too much familiarity. "I do not need you nor your obligation. It is enough that I have the strength of your name". At another time Purandardasa sings with feeling of friendship with his Lord. "I swear and so should you, both of us should swear on the devotees." He comes to terms with his Lord in this way.
Sri Purandara Dasa has travelled all over the country. He popularized the concept of Devotion. He carried the people to the top of the mountain called 'Bhagavadbhakti' (God's devotion). He attacked the kama, kroda (lust, hatredness). Like the common usage of lakhs of stars in the sky, lakhs of lamps, etc. he composed four lakh seventy five thousand songs. The genesis of his songs go like this 'vishayada vichara bidu, vihita ka^rma mAdu, vairAgya bhAgya bhedu, vinayadi sajjanara kooda volagannu teredu, volaganninolaginda volagolage iruva hariyanu mOr^jaga dhoreyanu nodu' (leave mundane things, do your duty, ask for passionless asset, along with sacred people open your eyes, inside the eye see the presence of the king of three worlds Sri Hari.) By these songs the whole country became enlightened.
All Purandara's compositions are sutra's (theorems), commentaries (bhashya). His vision is like Garuda's (King of Birds) vision. He touched the hearts of common man and tamed him to be satvik (good) from his writings and compositions of songs. Because of his noble characters his songs have become all-time great and powerful. He does not have the mind of show off of his scholastic knowledge. Each song carries morals and mundane things of a common man. This has real effect on the minds of the people. He has the great vision and inquisite mind of providing knowledge to all of them who seek devotion through his songs. He called the people to live in pure and sacred mind. He advised those people who unnecessarily blaming others.
Sri Purandara Dasa is real social reformer. He had the dream of providing peace of mind to all the people. His ambition is to build a healthy society. Dasa's socialism is poor man’s side. He represented the poor people. He wished to have the poverty till the end of his life. That's why he use to ask 'rAgiya ta.ndIra, bhikshake rAgi ya tandira' (ragi is bascially sort of grain grown in southeren India and are being used by the rural poor people).
All his compositions are very simple, rich contents and informative. Others might have told the meaning in ten words but Sri Purandara use to use only one word to convey the message. He always reminded about the remembering the name of Sri Narayana again and again which will lead to liberation. He stresses these are the steps to the hall of mukthi.
Purandara has filled courage to all the people. Even he filled the patience among all of us. He told that one has to live and win (Isabeku iddu jaIsabeku). He has shown the people the confidence to live and built the positive hopes in life. He travelled all sacred places, he climbed Tirupathi and carved bhagavantha's image in every devotee's chest.
For those interested in decoration (shrungara) (i.e. always use to stand in front of the mirror and decorating himself and feeling happy about his/her beauty and youth) he has opened the door of reality. He has given the ruling (shasana) about the fact in his songs. He enjoyed and lived the concept of passionless (absence of worldy desires) rest of his life. His songs goes like this. hIgguva, bagguva, tagguva, kugguva, negguva, mugguva kadege agniyolage biddu dhagdhavAguva Ei dhEhake yAkO higguvE yAkO manujA higguveyAkO .. (this body is expanding, compressing, it bends, it knocks, it crashes, it goes forward and finally lands in the fire, so why do you feel happy about mundane things oh Man...)
Sri Purandara Dasa is known for his compassion and conscience. He had hundred of faces of his socialism knowledge. Anybody whether he is a thief, a butcher, one who deceived the brahma father (Brahamana) if he comes as a guest in the afternoon he has told that one has to treat him as real guest by offering rice along with basil leaves which will go to Sri Purandara Vittala, these are the some of the genesis and the rulings which he has composed in the form of songs.
One cannot measure or estimate the length and breadth of his mind. In one song he has mentioned that those who give poison he has to be treated with royal treatment, those who are doing hatredness should be favored, one who deceives him should be named after his son, those who cheat and look after their house should be made popular (vishanikkdavniga shaD^r asavanuNisabeku, dwesha mAduvavana poshisalubeku, mOsagArana hesaru maganigidabeku, husidu mani kombuvana hAdiharisalubeku...)
Sri Purandara words are very good and each words are golden words. ba.ndasttarali bAlikO, balu san.dheha ba.ndalli kElikO, ni.ndastutigala tAlikO, govi.nda ninnavanendu helikO.. (live with whatever you get, pray when there is suspicion, be patient when people blame you, tell all of them that Govinda is his person..)
For those men who have the vision that the life is full of worldly things like rainbow, Dasa has reminded them that these things are illusion so he composed the song.. yArige yarun.tu yaravina sam.sara nIra gullE nijavalla hariyE, Aane, kudure, bhandara, rajya, uttama prabhutva, mAnaniyara san.ga nen.taristtaru yella lolalotte... (who is bothered about others this life is borrowed one like water bubble which may break at any time, Elephants, Horses, treasury, country, royal honour, good and sacred friendships, good relatives are all illusion and short lived..)
Another song goes like this about the worldly things. hEnnu, hOnnu, maNu, yaru hitavaru nimage ei movarolage, narIyO, dharuniyO, bhalu dhanada siriyo.. (which is the following three things are favourable to you, women, wealth and land ..) Then he goes on answering the question by himself that ..nEchhadiri ei bhagya yArigu stiravalla, neralillade, bErellade sasi hutte huvillade kayillade pala bhadide nodi (one should not depend on this wealth which is not permanent to anybody which has come without any roots, he goes on comparing that whether flower, fruit will grow without any shelter and without any roots). It means that the present samsara (wealth) which is coming there is no base (beginning or end), there is no roots and there is no source also only miseries are the fruits which one is eating out of it. Even one doesnot know what has happened previous and what will happen in future and one has to experience karma phala (duties and responsibilities).
Sri Purandara Dasa shows the way for achieving results in life by offering things which are sold in his shop. His song goes like this.. hannu bandide kolliro, muttu bandide kollirO, jEnu bandide kollirO, jEnu bandide kollirO, kallusakkare bandide kollirO..yavudi kallusakkare pullalochana srI kr^ishnAnAma ya.mba. eI kr^ishna nAmayam.ba kallusakkare yattha hErugallinda hottu mAruvudalla, ottotti goNiyaltumbuvudalla, yatta hOdaru badige su.nka eidakilla, uttama sarakidu ati labha taru va.ntha.. (Fruits has come to buy, pearls has come to buy, honey has come to buy, sugar (stone) has come to buy.. which is this sugar (stone) means the name of Sri Krishna (pullalochana) this sugar is not put on the top of axe to take to the market, it is not being sold in the market, this is not being taken by putting inside the gunny bags, anywhere you go there is no tax for this commodity, it is supposed to be genuine and good quality product which brings lot of profit one who buys this..)
Dasa invites people to have lunch like this .. rAma nAma payasake, kr^ishna nAma sakkare, vittala nAma tuppa beresi bAyi chapparisirO.. (One can relish through his tongue by having sweet (liquid, payasa) of Rama with the Krishna's sugar and by putting the ghee of Vittala it will be very tasty.)
Purandara Dasa is a well-known accounts auditor. He says that one has to audit the mind for doing good and bad things. In his song.. manava shodisabeku.. The genesis of this song goes like this 'it is awakening call to all Haridasa the time is running out. One will be sleeping like zebra in an sophisticated bed, one's life is one hundred years out of that half is day time and rest is night time, half is awakening and another half is sleeping. One has to take an account that out of 100 years of life 50 years is sleeping, from the other 50 years first 15 years is youth which is considered to be lack of knowledge, last 25 years is considered to be old age, in between 20 years of youth life, when the blood is hot and mind is running like Arabian horse towards the worldly happiness. Where is the time to think of skillful way of living thinking of God. One more song also tells like this. binnahake bayallavaiah... means there is no time for praying to you, there is innumerable no. of faults like which constitutes love towards his kid, husband/wife love, relatives affection, love towards the worldly happy needs, country love, animals love, land love, friends love, from love it will lead to egotism, rice egotism, knowledge egotism, youth egotism, beauty egotism, popularity egotism,. to remove all these things there is order from Dasa one has to fight out these kama (sex, lust), kroda (hatredness), egotism and calls mind as burial ground mind (masana mana) and pray Madhava.
Dasa has also given the writing about the 'madi' one of the austerity ritual followed. madi madi yannutta nO^rmadi haruva..
As if to lend support to the belief that Srinivasa Nayaka's life underwent a change on account of his wife, Purandaradasa praises his wife in a verse which says "All that happened is for good, it paved the way for service to Lord Sridhar". He makes it plain in his verses that he took to a life of renunciation only because of his wife and became a Haridasa and wandered singing the glory of Sri Hari, scunding the cymbals and the tamboori. Not long ago he was successful merchant. But he was himself surprised at the change that had come about in his life and compares it to a new kind of business he had accepted in his life. He feels happy over the change and sings thus:"..I have been businessman. But now the worship of Sripati is the only business I do." Though it cannot be established beyond doubt that his life changed because of his wife Saraswathi, his verses prove that the change did come over his life probably because of some unexpected occurrence in his life.
The man who was ashamed to hold the 'Dandige' (weighing balance) in his hands [Purandaradasa uses the word Dandige in a double sense: (1) the balance (2) Tamboori] had been converted by his wife into a man who held the Dandige (Tamboori) gladly and went about singing praises of Sri Hari. The man who was unwilling to hold the begging bowl and carry the bad to collect alms in the streets had learnt to do so without shame. The person who brought about this change was his wife. Srinivasa Nayaka felt proud of his wife. He sings about her thus: "May her tribe increase by thousands, May the wives of this type increase in thousands".
Likewise he remembers Sri Hari (Sarasijaksha) who is the inspiring force behind all deeds and says that he made him wear the 'Tulsi Mala' (basil necklace). Purandaradasa describes in his verses the mode of his past and present life which is beautiful contrast between his past preoccupation with earning money and the present dedication to the service of Sri Hari. He describes his present business thus: " The kindness of Hari is my cloak, The kindness of my guru is my head dress, The kindness of Haridasas is the cloth with which I wrap myself, wearing the footwear called the greatest kali,-walking over the chests of the wicked in the world is the business I do"

Source: dvaita.org
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